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Type: Multiple-Choice
Category: Nature and Science (Stories)
Level: Grade 5
Author: szeiger
Created: 2 years ago

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Nature and Science (Stories) Question

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Rocks are fascinating. I should now - I am one! Well, a lot them, actually. I am the Appalachian Mountain Range, and I have a long history. Let me tell you a little bit about how I was created.

I am mostly made up of sedimentary rock, which is formed when a river carries sediments like mud, sand, and shells to its basin where time and pressure harden us in to a solid form. Most of my peaks are made up of sedimentary rock. I also have a little bit of the ocean floor in me from when two continents pushed together. This is actually where I get my height from.

Some mountain ranges are made like me, while others are made from tectonic plates that slide under or over each other causing a mountain range. In my case, what is today known as North America and Africa collided, forming my peaks. And when I say collided, I mean at slower than a snail’s pace over a long time. A while passed before the two continents split again and drifted to where they are now, leaving me towering.

Igneous rock also makes up a large part of my structure. You won’t see a lot of eruptions at the moment, but a long time ago, the Appalachian Mountain range had a handful of active volcanoes. When lava, or molten rock, cools, it forms various kinds of igneous rocks. So throughout the sedimentary rock that I’m mostly made of, there are quite a few pockets of igneous rock along my ridges.

I may not be the biggest mountain range in the world, but I used to be very tall. A lot of weathering and erosion have shrunk me down. That is when winds, rain, running water, and other factors wear me down. But it makes me the perfect size for climbing and hiking.

If you visit me, you won’t be see any huge changes like those I’ve described happen. You may see a boulder out of place here and there or the very rare earthquake that will displace bits of me, but that's it. It takes a long time to move a mountain. The process to get to where I am today took millions of years. Over the next couple thousands of years, I’ll be continuously eroded down, and look a bit different from today. In a million years, I will be quite changed.

Of course, humans will always shape me for how they need for roads and passages. But for now, I look pretty amazing for being several million years old.

Appalachian Mountain Range. Geology Page, February 3, 2013.
Clark, Sandra H. B. Birth of the Mountains: The Geologic Story of the Souther Appalachian Mountains. USGS.

Grade 5 Nature and Science (Stories)

From whose point of view is the passage written?
  1. a kid who wrote a research paper
  2. a person who loves mountains
  3. a well-known geologist
  4. the mountain range
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