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Archaeological Dating Methods

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Archaeological Dating Methods Answer Key

1. 
What are the two categories of dating methods?
  • Relative and absolute.
2. 
What is the difference between relative and absolute dating?
  • Relative dating is used to tell if an object is older than another while absolute dating can be used to tell what age it is.
3. 
According to the law of superposition, in an undisturbed site, objects deposited lower are older than ones found above them.
  1. True
  2. False
4. 
What is seriation?
  1. The study of layers of deposit
  2. A dating method using tree rings
  3. A dating method using the frequency of artifact styles
  4. A dating method measuring the breakdown of carbon ions
5. 
Using palynology, archaeologists can determine a relative age for a deposit by examining the pollen found there.
  1. True
  2. False
6. 
                 is a relative dating method that compares the physical characteristics of artifacts.
  1. Phytolith
  2. Typology
  3. Taphonomy
  4. Dendrochronology
7. 
Absolute dating provides the exact date of an object.
  1. True
  2. False
8. 
Radiocarbon dating can only be used on organic material.
  1. True
  2. False
9. 
What do radiometric dating techniques measure?
  • The amount of decay of radioactive isotopes.
10. 
Other than Carbon-14 dating what is another example of a radiometric dating technique?
  • Answers may vary- could include- Potassium–argon dating, or Rubidium–strontium dating
11. 
Luminescence dating techniques tell archaeologists when an artifact was last exposed to sunlight.
  1. True
  2. False
12. 
Which dating method examines tree rings to determine the age of an artifact?
  1. Rehydroxylation
  2. Stratigraphy
  3. Bioturbation
  4. Dendrochronology
13. 
Obsidian hydration dating is a method of determining the age of obsidian artifacts by measuring the amount of water they have absorbed.
  1. True
  2. False

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