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People of Peace: Mohandas K. Gandhi

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People of Peace: Mohandas K. Gandhi Answer Key

Instructions: Answer the questions about Mohandas Gandhi, perhaps the most deserving of leaders to have never received the Nobel Peace Prize, although he was nominated five times. Gandhi is widely seen as the leader of and inspiration for many of the 20th century's non-violent peace movements.

1. 
Gandhi was born in 1869 in                 into a Hindu family which considered as very important non-violence and tolerance between religious groups.
  1. western India
  2. Pakistan
  3. South Africa
  4. Sri Lanka
2. 
Gandhi studied                        in London, then was an attorney in India and later South Africa where he worked to improve living conditions for the Indian minority.
  1. international politics
  2. art
  3. medicine
  4. law
3. 
In South Africa, Gandhi created a method of non-violence in the Indian struggle for basic human rights known as satyagraha, or
  1. peace corps.
  2. truth force.
  3. resistance.
  4. passive assertion.
4. 
What were the main ideas behind satyagraha?
  • Answers may vary but should include --
    1) without rejecting the rule of law as a principle, the Indians should violate unreasonable or oppressive laws
    2) each person should accept punishment for having broken the law
    3) each one should, calmly, yet with determination, call the legitimacy of the law into question hopefully making the oppressors recognize the unlawfulness of the statute
5. 
After World War I, Gandhi began a series of                 campaigns against the British authorities in India.
  1. non-violent
  2. violent
  3. silent
  4. secretive
6. 
Although his first name was Mohandas, Gandhi was called Mahatma, a title derived from two Sanskrit words meaning "great soul".
7. 
While resisting unjust British rule, Gandhi made strong efforts to unite followers of the three main religions of India -- the Hindus, Muslims and Christians -- into a political force.
8. 
Gandhi also worked for greater freedom for what class of Hindu society?
  1. the republicans
  2. the Shudras
  3. the Brahmins
  4. the untouchables
9. 
What was the Salt March?
  • In March 1930, Gandhi launched the Salt March, a satyagraha against the British-imposed tax on salt. It was one of the most successful campaigns in Gandhi’s nonviolent war against the British Raj resulting in the imprisonment of more than 60,000 people.
10. 
Gandhi believed the British authorities were promoting discord among Muslims and Hindus so as to divide and control India, thus he demanded an immediate British withdrawal from India in the summer of 1942. This became known as the
  1. Brexit.
  2. Great Divide.
  3. Partition of India.
  4. Quit India Movement.
11. 
Gandhi's greatest desire was to see a unified and independent India, so as violent tensions increased between Muslims and Hindus after World War II, he worked for unity and acceptance among all Indians by undertaking a fast, his 17th and last.
12. 
Himself a Hindu, Gandhi was assassinated in 1948 by a fellow Hindu, a radical who despised Gandhi because of his tolerance of all faiths and ethnicities.
  1. True
  2. False

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