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Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions

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Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions Answer Key

Using sunscreen does not mean it is safe to spend more time in the sun, especially when the UV Index is high. Although a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher offers protection from sunburn, it does not block all of the sun's damaging rays. To fully protect yourself, remember to seek shade, minimize peak hours of sun exposure, and wear protective clothing in addition to applying sunscreen.

The intensity of the sun's UV rays reaching the Earth's surface varies and should be considered when you plan outdoor activities. The National Weather Service issues the UV Index, a daily forecast of UV intensity, for the United States.

The higher the UV Index forecast, the stronger the sun will be and the greater the need to follow all the sun protection action steps. For days when the UV Index is unseasonably high for a particular location, EPA issues a UV Alert.

In general, UV strength is greatest from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. during sunny summer days. Up to 80 percent of UV rays pass through clouds, however, meaning that sunburn is possible on cloudy days as well. UV exposure is greater at low latitudes (nearer to the equator) and/or high altitudes. Snow, water, and sand also increase sun exposure by reflecting incoming UV rays, making it especially important for skiers, boaters, and beachcombers to wear clothing and hats and apply sunscreen.

Based on the passage, which statement about the National Weather Service is most likely true?
  1. It is responsible for making sure people use sunscreen.
  2. It carefully monitors the country's daily UV strength.
  3. It issues an alert to let people know the danger level.
  4. It advises people against holding outdoor activities in the summer.
Based on the passage, what conclusion about sunscreen is most likely true?
  1. SPF 15 is the highest level of sunscreen.
  2. Sunscreen protects the skin against all types of the sun's rays.
  3. Using sunscreen will help limit the risks of UV exposure.
  4. Sunscreen does not stay on those who go into the water.
Based on the information in the passage, which statement is most likely true?
  1. Overexposure to the sun can be dangerous to many people.
  2. The EPA issues a UV alert every day during the summer.
  3. UV damage is only a concern during the hot, summer months.
  4. SPF 15 sunscreen takes the concern out of getting sunburnt.
"I believe one of the most beloved sounds of summer is the subtle buzz of honeybees as they circle flowers searching for sweet nectar," Aunt Caroline said as she and Jonathan strolled through her backyard apple orchard.

"Unfortunately, this seasonal serenade may be nothing but a legend for future generations, because honeybees are simply disappearing." She sighed deeply; Jonathan felt like he should respond, but had a limited knowledge of this apparent ecological threat.

"Experts across the world are puzzled by 'colony collapse disorder'," she explained. "Beekeepers in several states have lost as much as three-quarters of their bee populations as bees just fly away and never return."

"Will the disappearance of these bees really impact people though?" Jonathan asked hesitantly.

"Absolutely!" Aunt Caroline replied emphatically. "Honeybees pollinate places such as this apple orchard, as well as vegetable crops, and if they are not there to spread the pollen, crops won't be able to grow, resulting in increasingly scarce - and expensive - produce in the grocery stores."
Why does Aunt Caroline most likely respond so emphatically to Jonathan's question?
  1. She is worried that he does not understand what she is saying about the bees.
  2. She wants to make sure he comprehends the implications of the loss of bees.
  3. She is angry with him, and others who are not helping solve the bees' mystery.
  4. She hopes her passion about the bees will result in some kind of solution.
Read this sentence from the passage.

She sighed deeply; Jonathan felt like he should respond, but had a limited knowledge of this apparent ecological threat

Why does the author of this passage most likely use the word "apparent" in this sentence?
  1. To emphasize the seriousness of the threat to the planet
  2. To point out the obviousness of the threat to the natural world
  3. To explain how devastating the threat is to the story's characters
  4. To suggest it is an alleged threat at this point, rather than a proven one
Based on the passage, what word most likely represents Aunt Caroline's attitude towards honeybees?
  1. Confidence
  2. Ambivalence
  3. Indifference
  4. Reverence

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