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Compare and Contrast

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When the wind is howling, the rain is crashing down, and storm warnings are being blared on all radio and television stations, you may find yourself wondering if you are in the middle of a tornado or a hurricane. Both are wicked weather events that involve wind, rain-and significant threat. Which type of storm is more dangerous? That is a question experts have been trying to decide for years.

Hurricanes are commonly located over oceans and typically begin as tropical storms during the late summer or fall. Strong winds rotate and, as they do, they pull water up from the sea and dump it on the closest land. As the eye of the storm reaches shore, everything calms. The sun may shine, but it does not last long before the other half of the storm hits. Frequently hurricanes bring storm surges or huge rushes of water that come ashore and cause floods, knocking down buildings and dragging homes and cars back out to sea. Hurricanes often last for hours, or even days before finally fading away.

Tornadoes, on the other hand, are found more on land, usually beginning as thunderstorms with thunder, lightning, and even hail. As they build in strength, the winds begin to rotate and become like a huge, powerful vacuum. These winds create a funnel cloud, which moves up to 30 miles an hour across the sky. If the tornado touches the ground, it can destroy homes, and lift cars.

As to which storm is the most dangerous, the answer has not been decided yet. Tornadoes move faster, but hurricanes last longer. There is no question, however; being a part of one is an event no one is likely to ever forget.
What factor do tornadoes and hurricanes share?
  1. Both begin over water as tropical storms.
  2. Both have a central eye where it is calm.
  3. Both are dangerous weather events.
  4. Both include thunder, lightning, and hail.
What is the difference between tornadoes and hurricanes?
  1. Tornadoes last for hours to days.
  2. Tornadoes include a strong storm surge.
  3. Tornadoes are made up of ocean water.
  4. Tornadoes create powerful funnel clouds.
What does a hurricane have that a tornado does not?
  1. A funnel cloud
  2. A central eye
  3. A thunderstorm
  4. A high risk of danger
"Did you hear the news, Claudia?" Mariko asked the minute she saw her best friend. "The drama club is performing 'To Kill a Mockingbird' for the spring play." Mariko knew that Claudia would be as excited as she was since the two of them had read the classic novel multiple times over the past couple of years, and loved it every time.

To Mariko's surprise, Claudia did not look nearly as thrilled as she had expected. "Why don't we finally rent and watch the movie instead? Movies are always better than live performances."

Mariko found herself sputtering. "Are you crazy? Plays are always better than movies," she finally uttered. "In plays, you are up close and personal with the actors, as if the events are happening right in front of you and it feels so much more immediate and realistic."

Claudia shook her head. "Plays sometimes have terrible performers who do not know how to act or who forget their lines. You cannot pause or rewind to watch your favorite scene over again or to listen to dialogue you missed. I am sorry, Mariko, but if you want to watch 'To Kill a Mockingbird," let’s grab some popcorn on the couch, not a ticket and more time in school."
What idea do both girls in the story agree on?
  1. "To Kill a Mockingbird" is a wonderful story.
  2. School plays are often poorly performed.
  3. Movies were better in the past then today.
  4. "To Kill a Mockingbird" won many awards.
What is the major difference between Mariko and Claudia's opinion?
  1. Mariko prefers movies to plays.
  2. Claudia thinks books are better than movies.
  3. Mariko believes live performances are more realistic.
  4. Claudia is very eager to attend the school's spring play.
Which of the following would Mariko and Claudia both most likely enjoy?
  1. Seeing the play version of "To Kill a Mockingbird"
  2. Watching the film version of "To Kill a Mockingbird"
  3. Reading the book version of "To Kill a Mockingbird"
  4. Being in the play version of "To Kill a Mockingbird"

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