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Charles Darwin

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Charles Darwin Answer Key

According to Darwin's theory of evolution, how do new species evolve?
  1. artificial selection
  2. random chance
  3. natural selection
  4. unnatural selection
Religious beliefs were a major source of the opposition to Darwin's theory.
  1. True
  2. False
Which best describes the prevailing views about evolution and the age of Earth before Darwin's voyage on the HMS Beagle?
  1. Earth and life are recent and have remained unchanged.
  2. Species evolved rapidly during the first six thousand to a few hundred thousand years.
  3. Earth is billions of years old but species have not evolved.
  4. Species have evolved on Earth for billions of years.
Before and during Darwin's time, many theories of evolution had been proposed. With which theories would Darwin most likely agree?
  1. Malthus's theory that species and populations were limited by available resources, lack of resources, and competition, and that competition drove evolution
  2. Cuvier's theory of catastrophism, where abrupt changes and the survivors of those changes were not new species at all
  3. Lyell's theory of uniformity, where a steady, gradual, and lengthy molding of Earth and its species occurred
  4. Lamarck's theory that single, simple forms could become more complex in an individual and thereby cause heritable changes in the next generation
Which factor does NOT support Darwin's theory of evolution?
  1. fossil record
  2. homologous structures
  3. similarities in embryos
  4. differences in plants
In forming his theory of evolution, of what did Darwin most lack an adequate understanding?
  1. geology
  2. heredity
  3. anatomy
  4. geography
Darwin gathered his early evidence of evolution from the                            and especially noticed the remarkable differences in                           .
  1. Galapagos Islands; monkeys
  2. Galapagos Islands; finches
  3. Galapagos Islands; fish
  4. Hawaiian Islands; fish
Darwin was urged to publish his book in 1859 by his friend Alfred Russel Wallace.
  1. True
  2. False
What was the name of the book Darwin published in 1859?
  1. Evolution Over Time
  2. Darwin and the HMS Beagle
  3. The Origin of Species
  4. The Origin of Evolution
How did Darwin's finches provide evidence for evolution?
  • The different Galapagos finch species evolved from one common species of finch over time in an example of adaptive radiation, where the different species evolve in order to take advantage of different ecological niches of the islands.
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