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Ninth Grade (Grade 9) Social Sciences Questions

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Grade 9 Psychology
               reasoning is when conclusions are reached based upon general laws/theories.
  1. fallacious
  2. deductive
  3. inductive
  4. logical
Grade 9 Psychology
The maple tree's leaves have changed color every autumn for the past 35 years. Therefore, they will change color again this autumn. This is an example of                 reasoning.
  1. logical
  2. inductive
  3. deductive
  4. fallacious
Grade 9 Psychology
               reasoning is when conclusions are derived from repeated observations.
  1. logical
  2. deductive
  3. inductive
  4. illogical
Grade 9 Psychology
When you use knowledge and experience to figure out why a lamp in your house will not light, you are using
  1. classical conditioning
  2. insight learning
  3. innate behavior
  4. trial-and-error learning
Grade 9 Psychology
The branch of the learning approach to personality that focuses on the role of reinforcements in shaping people's behavior is
  1. social learning.
  2. collective unconscious.
  3. the humanistic approach.
  4. behaviorism.
Grade 9 Psychology
Keeping the records of research participants confidential is an example of
  1. ethical standards.
  2. independent variable.
  3. informed consent.
  4. volunteer bias.
Grade 9 Psychology
By using a random sample of a population for a study, scientists
  1. are able to question every member of the target population
  2. use proportionately representative subgroups of the target population
  3. hope to avoid bias in their study
  4. are ensured that the study will be easily replicated
Grade 9 Psychology
The relationship between smoking cigarettes and living a long, healthy life is an example of a(n)
  1. positive correlation.
  2. negative correlation.
  3. dependent variable.
  4. independent variable.
Grade 9 Psychology
Which of the following is an experiment in which the participants do not know whether they are receiving a treatment or not?
  1. single-blind study
  2. double-blind study
  3. longitudinal study
  4. cross-sectional study
Grade 9 Psychology
The weakest amount of a stimulus that can be sensed is known as
  1. sensory adaptation.
  2. absolute threshold.
  3. difference threshold.
  4. signal-detection theory.
Grade 9 Psychology
The statement that "the whole is greater than the sum of its parts" characterizes which of the following theories or perspectives?
  1. biological
  2. social learning
  3. behaviorism
  4. Gestalt psychology
Grade 9 Psychology
What is something that produces a reaction called?
  1. a response
  2. a stimulus
  3. a reinforcer
  4. a conditioned response
Grade 9 Psychology
According to Freud, the psychological structure of the mind that represents basic drives is the
  1. id.
  2. ego.
  3. superego.
  4. archetype.
Grade 9 Psychology
Which of the following is an example of a cognitive activity?
  1. crying
  2. exercising
  3. dreaming
  4. laughing
Grade 9 Psychology
What psychological perspective focuses on the role of thoughts in determining behavior?
  1. humanistic
  2. cogntivie
  3. psychoanalytic
  4. learning
Grade 9 Psychology
Which of the following is necessary to make a study ethical?
  1. correlation
  2. independent variable
  3. volunteer bias
  4. confidentality
Grade 9 Psychology
A view of oneself as an individual is a person's
  1. congruence.
  2. self-esteem.
  3. positive regard.
  4. self-concept.
Grade 9 Psychology
Which school of psychology focuses on how mental processes help organisms adapt to their environment?
  1. behaviorism
  2. functionalism
  3. psychoanalysis
  4. structuralism
Grade 9 Psychology
To observe how individuals change over time, scientists use a(n)
  1. intelligence test.
  2. longitudinal test.
  3. cross-sectional study.
  4. case study.
Grade 9 Psychology
Once a theory has been proven multiple times, it becomes a
  1. affiliation.
  2. principle.
  3. archetype.
  4. concept.
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