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Type: Multiple-Choice
Category: Compare and Contrast
Level: Grade 6
Standards: CCRA.R.9, RI.6.9
Tags: ELA-Literacy.RI.6.9
Author: szeiger
Last Modified: a year ago

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About Hurricanes
Miami Museum of Science

A tropical cyclone is a storm system that has several thunderstorms and a low pressure center. Depending upon where they are located and their severity, these storms can also be called typhoons, tropical depressions, or hurricanes.

A hurricane is a powerful storm that measures several hundred miles in diameter. Hurricanes have two main parts. The first is the eye of the hurricane; the eye is a calm area in the center of the storm. Usually, the eye of a hurricane measures about 20 miles in diameter, and has very few clouds. The second part is the wall of clouds that surrounds the calm eye. This is where the hurricane's strongest winds and heaviest rain occur.

Hurricanes are born over warm, tropical oceans. Hurricanes are fueled by water vapor that is pushed up from the warm ocean surface, so they can last longer and sometimes move much further over water than over land. The combination of heat and moisture, along with the right wind conditions, can create a new hurricane.

The colors in hurricane radar images show the amount of rain falling in a given area. Each raindrop reflects the energy from the radar. The more raindrops in a certain area, the brighter the color in the radar image of that area. Radar images measure the amount of moisture in the air. The brighter the color on the radar image, the more moisture in the air. The bright red color around the eye indicates the area of heaviest rainfall. The green-colored area has a moderate amount of rain, while the blue areas represent the least amount of rain.

Grade 6 Compare and Contrast CCSS: CCRA.R.9, RI.6.9

Read the following passage.

In the track of the hurricane much damage was done. Fences and stone walls were blown down, and the stalks of Indian corn were bent over and broken off near the ground. Hay in the fields was suddenly whisked up, and scattered over adjoining territory for a mile away, being lost. As the wind increased in force many large apple and other kinds of trees were torn up by the roots ; in some instances enclosing animals in such a manner that they could not get away by their efforts alone, though they were not injured.

A large portion of the roof of the church, and boards from tile roofs and sides of several other buildings were carried away. Several dwelling houses were shattered, and two or three buildings were entirely destroyed. In the space covered by the wind was a house, with a wing which was garrisoned. The whirlwind swept down upon the garrison with such violence that it was instantly demolished, three of its sides falling to the ground.

The first passage focuses more on the rain, whereas the second passage (a firsthand account) focuses on...
  1. the wind
  2. the water
  3. the destruction
  4. both a and c
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