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Eighth Grade (Grade 8) Industrialization Questions

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Grade 8 Industrialization

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The leading figure in the early years of the steel industry was                   .
  1. John D Rockefeller
  2. Andrew Jackson
  3. Andrew Carnegie
  4. Richie Carnegie
Grade 8 Industrialization
What allowed timber mills to operate 24/7?
  1. Sewage
  2. Labor Unions
  3. Lindsey Wagons
  4. Electricity
Grade 8 Industrialization
Grade 8 Industrialization

This question is a part of a group with common instructions. View group »

Acquiring most or all of the equipment and services needed for a business is                       .
  1. vertical integration
  2. horizontal integration
  3. factors of production
  4. diagonal integration
Grade 8 Industrialization
Which was the most important effect of the Bessemer process?
  1. It allowed the production of more steel.
  2. It produced better steel.
  3. It made steel cheaper.
  4. It allowed factory production of steel.
Grade 8 Industrialization

This question is a part of a group with common instructions. View group »

The name of the leading oil company in the early years was                       .
  1. Pittsburgh Oil Company
  2. Standard Oil Company
  3. Rockefeller Oil
  4. The Petroleum Pit
Grade 8 Industrialization
A skyscraper is:
  1. an electronic sawing device
  2. a very tall building of many stories
  3. an airplane that flys low
Grade 8 Industrialization
The term mass production is best defined as the
  1. rapid manufacture of a large number of identical objects.
  2. ability to carefully produce intricate objects one at a time.
  3. tendency to create poor quality goods because of high demand.
  4. practice of making only products that would have many buyers.
Grade 8 Industrialization
Why did people in the North and the South have such different views about slavery?
  1. The South's economy depended on slavery, while the economy of the North did not.
  2. Most people in the South believed slavery was morally wrong.
  3. Northerners thought slavery was destroying the economy.
  4. Southerners believed slavery should be eliminated gradually, while northerners thought it should be abolished all at once.
Grade 8 Industrialization
What effect did the invention of the cotton gin have on the slave trade in the South?
  1. It led to the founding of antislavery organizations.
  2. Planters used more slave labor.
  3. Cotton growers depended less on the slave system.
  4. The cotton gin had very little lasting impact.
Grade 8 Industrialization
In the 1800s, which of the following was NOT a problem that most growing American cities faced?
  1. the spread of disease
  2. few job opportunities
  3. a lack of clean drinking water
  4. the threat of citywide fires
Grade 8 Industrialization

This question is a part of a group with common instructions. View group »

Grade 8 Industrialization
Which invention improved travel by water in the early 1800s?
  1. turnpike
  2. spinning jenny
  3. water frame
  4. steamboat
Grade 8 Industrialization
An early slogan of labor reformers was
  1. Work hard, work long, and our reward will be more of the good life.
  2. Eight hours for work, eight hours for sleep, and eight hours for God and the brethren.
  3. All for the factory, all for the boss, all for the success of American business.
  4. Right and proper, right and good, our betters know what is best for us.
Grade 8 Industrialization
Besides the cotton gin, which of the following items did Eli Whitney also invent?
  1. interchangeable parts
  2. telegraph
  3. steam engine
  4. musket
Grade 8 Industrialization
The workers at Lowell, Massachusetts, were mostly
  1. women
  2. inventors
  3. German immigrants
  4. enslaved African Americans
Grade 8 Industrialization
Which of the following were all cotton-producing states?
  1. New York, New Jersey, Maine, Ohio
  2. Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana
  3. Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Connecticut
  4. Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi, Vermont
Grade 8 Industrialization
The French term "laissez-faire" refers to
  1. a fair and just punishment in a criminal trial.
  2. an economic policy where the government does not interfere with business.
  3. consistent, strong government regulation of business.
  4. a type of barter system where people exchange goods for services.
Grade 8 Industrialization
In what way was Lowell, Massachusetts, a model factory town?
  1. Factories in Lowell were the first to appear in the United States.
  2. Factories in Lowell were the first to employ young children.
  3. Factory workers were provided with decent housing and other facilities.
  4. The factory owners shortened the employees' workday.
Grade 8 Industrialization
An early slogan of labor reformers was
  1. Work hard, work long, and our reward will be more of the good life.
  2. Eight hours for work, eight hours for sleep, and eight hours for God and the brethren.
  3. All for the factory, all for the boss, all for the success of American business.
  4. Right and proper, right and good, our betters know what is best for us.
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