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Eighth Grade (Grade 8) Industrialization Questions

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Grade 8 Industrialization

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The leading figure in the early years of the steel industry was                   .
  1. John D Rockefeller
  2. Andrew Jackson
  3. Andrew Carnegie
  4. Richie Carnegie
Grade 8 Industrialization

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Grade 8 Industrialization
The term mass production is best defined as the
  1. rapid manufacture of a large number of identical objects.
  2. ability to carefully produce intricate objects one at a time.
  3. tendency to create poor quality goods because of high demand.
  4. practice of making only products that would have many buyers.
Grade 8 Industrialization
Why did people in the North and the South have such different views about slavery?
  1. The South's economy depended on slavery, while the economy of the North did not.
  2. Most people in the South believed slavery was morally wrong.
  3. Northerners thought slavery was destroying the economy.
  4. Southerners believed slavery should be eliminated gradually, while northerners thought it should be abolished all at once.
Grade 8 Industrialization
What effect did the invention of the cotton gin have on the slave trade in the South?
  1. It led to the founding of antislavery organizations.
  2. Planters used more slave labor.
  3. Cotton growers depended less on the slave system.
  4. The cotton gin had very little lasting impact.
Grade 8 Industrialization
In the 1800s, which of the following was NOT a problem that most growing American cities faced?
  1. the spread of disease
  2. few job opportunities
  3. a lack of clean drinking water
  4. the threat of citywide fires
Grade 8 Industrialization
Which was the most important effect of the Bessemer process?
  1. It allowed the production of more steel.
  2. It produced better steel.
  3. It made steel cheaper.
  4. It allowed factory production of steel.
Grade 8 Industrialization

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The name of the leading oil company in the early years was                       .
  1. Pittsburgh Oil Company
  2. Standard Oil Company
  3. Rockefeller Oil
  4. The Petroleum Pit
Grade 8 Industrialization

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Acquiring most or all of the equipment and services needed for a business is                       .
  1. vertical integration
  2. horizontal integration
  3. factors of production
  4. diagonal integration
Grade 8 Industrialization
What allowed timber mills to operate 24/7?
  1. Sewage
  2. Labor Unions
  3. Lindsey Wagons
  4. Electricity
Grade 8 Industrialization
Grade 8 Industrialization

This question is a part of a group with common instructions. View group »

Grade 8 Industrialization
Which invention improved travel by water in the early 1800s?
  1. turnpike
  2. spinning jenny
  3. water frame
  4. steamboat
Grade 8 Industrialization
A skyscraper is:
  1. an electronic sawing device
  2. a very tall building of many stories
  3. an airplane that flys low
Grade 8 Industrialization
The French term "laissez-faire" refers to
  1. a fair and just punishment in a criminal trial.
  2. an economic policy where the government does not interfere with business.
  3. consistent, strong government regulation of business.
  4. a type of barter system where people exchange goods for services.
Grade 8 Industrialization
Who is credited with building the first commercially successful steamboat?
  1. John Fitch
  2. Robert Fulton
  3. Samuel Slater
  4. Matthew Perry
Grade 8 Industrialization
Besides the cotton gin, which of the following items did Eli Whitney also invent?
  1. interchangeable parts
  2. telegraph
  3. steam engine
  4. musket
Grade 8 Industrialization
The workers at Lowell, Massachusetts, were mostly
  1. women
  2. inventors
  3. German immigrants
  4. enslaved African Americans
Grade 8 Industrialization
Through what natural passageway in the Appalachian Mountains did the Wilderness Road lead?
  1. Rocky Mountain Pass
  2. Foothills
  3. Cumberland Gap
  4. Missouri Gap
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