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Eighth Grade (Grade 8) Reconstruction Questions

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Grade 8 Reconstruction
Which political group wanted the federal government to force change in the South?
  1. Radical Democrats
  2. Tea Party
  3. Radical Republicans
  4. Green Party
Grade 8 Reconstruction
Grade 8 Reconstruction
Grade 8 Reconstruction
Grade 8 Reconstruction
How were the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments similar?
  1. They were immediately approved by all of the states.
  2. They were based on the idea of "separate but equal."
  3. They helped African Americans gain civil rights.
  4. They helped southern states set up new governments.
Grade 8 Reconstruction
Which of the following was NOT a major goal of Reconstruction?
  1. to bring the southern states back into the Union
  2. to ensure Black Americans their freedom, and civil and political rights
  3. to preserve the health of the economy
  4. to ease immigration laws in order to rebuild the population
Grade 8 Reconstruction
Grade 8 Reconstruction
Jim Crow laws
  1. expanded the rights granted to African Americans during Reconstruction.
  2. were constantly struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court.
  3. led to segregation of the races.
  4. were part of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Grade 8 Reconstruction
Republicans who wanted "hard" Reconstruction were called
  1. freedmen.
  2. Copperheads.
  3. Radical Republicans.
  4. carpetbaggers.
Grade 8 Reconstruction
Lincoln and Johnson
  1. both favored "hard" plans for Reconstruction.
  2. differed in their plans for Reconstruction.
  3. both favored lenient plans for Reconstruction.
  4. both received full support from Congress for their Reconstruction plans.
Grade 8 Reconstruction
What were President Lincoln's plans for reconstruction following the Civil War?
  1. A southern state could form a new government if 10% of its former slaves agreed to remain on their plantations and work to rebuild the South
  2. A southern state could form a new government after 10% of its voters agreed to abolish slavery and swore an oath of loyalty to the Union
  3. A southern state could form a new government after 10% of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States and the new state abolished slavery
  4. A southern state could form a new government if white men in each state swore loyalty to the Union, but those who fought for the Confederacy would be denied the right to vote
Grade 8 Reconstruction
The Ku Klux Klan and other groups like it
  1. helped get African Americans elected to office.
  2. stopped their activities after being outlawed.
  3. helped to continue Reconstruction.
  4. played a role in the decline of voting by African Americans.
Grade 8 Reconstruction
One reason Radical Reconstruction was able to bring change to the South was that
  1. federal soldiers were stationed in the South to enforce new laws.
  2. white southerners supported the changes brought about by Radical Reconstruction.
  3. African Americans voted for Radical Reconstruction.
  4. it was part of General Lee's surrender terms.
Grade 8 Reconstruction
How did Reconstruction finally come to an end?
  1. To become President, Rutherford B. Hayes promised the Democrats that he would end Reconstruction.
  2. The Democrats won the election of 1876 and ended Reconstruction.
  3. President Grant ended Reconstruction just before leaving office.
  4. Congress voted to end Reconstruction.
Grade 8 Reconstruction
The tone of Radical Reconstruction was set by the
  1. Emancipation Proclamation.
  2. Thirteenth Amendment.
  3. Ten Percent Plan.
  4. Reconstruction Act of 1867.
Grade 8 Reconstruction
In the years following Reconstruction,
  1. southern states saw a sharp fall in industrial growth.
  2. new industries began to develop in the southern economy.
  3. the South's economy went into a permanent decline.
  4. the South's dependence on cotton grew.
Grade 8 Reconstruction
Which of the following were NOT a part of Radical Reconstruction?
  1. The governments of southern states that had refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment were removed.
  2. States returning to the Union could decide for themselves whether or not African Americans could vote.
  3. Before they could return to the Union, Confederate states had to write new constitutions.
  4. Martial law was imposed on southern states that had refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment.
Grade 8 Reconstruction
What did Frederick Douglass mean when he said that the freedmen "were sent away empty handed, without money, without friends, and without a foot of land to stand upon"?
  1. The freedmen had little with which to start a new life.
  2. The freedmen lost their land during the war.
  3. Sharecroppers should form organizations to support each other and gain land.
  4. In order to be allowed to vote, freedmen had to pass a literacy test.
Grade 8 Reconstruction
Why did Congress propose the Wade-Davis Bill?
  1. Congress wanted a stricter policy toward Reconstruction than Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan.
  2. The bill was meant to be a challenge to President Johnson.
  3. Congress wanted "soft" Reconstruction.
  4. The bill had the support of the South's new state governments.
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