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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Planetary Motion Questions

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Grade 5 Planetary Motion
When the North Pole is tilted toward the Sun, it is                 in the Northern Hemisphere.
  1. summer
  2. winter
  3. spring
  4. fall
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The Moon casts a shadow on Earth during a(n)
  1. lunar eclipse.
  2. new moon.
  3. phase.
  4. solar eclipse.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
What is Earth's complete path of travel around the Sun?
  1. hemisphere
  2. revolution
  3. rotate
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Large bodies that revolve around the Sun are called             planets             .
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
One year on Earth lasts 365 days.
Which of these definitions could be used for one year?
  1. The time it takes for Earth to go around the Sun once.
  2. The time it takes for the Moon to go around Earth 12 times.
  3. The time for Earth to spin once on its axis.
  4. The time for the Moon to complete all of its phases.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The path Earth takes as it moves around the Sun in space:            orbit            
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
One evening as it is getting dark, Alex sits on the front porch and watches the Sun slowly disappear behind the neighbor's house across the street. Which explains this observation?
  1. The Sun's light is reflected by the clouds.
  2. The Sun's light is refracted by the atmosphere.
  3. The Sun moves from west to east each day.
  4. The Sun appears to move due to Earth's rotation.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The movement of Earth around the Sun approximately every 365 days:
             revolution             
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Arden observes a star in the night sky. She looks at the star every hour for five hours and notices that it has moved. Which reason best explains Arden's observation?
  1. Earth is rotating on its axis.
  2. The star is rotating on its axis.
  3. Earth is revolving around the Sun.
  4. The star is revolving around Earth.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
What do the position of the Sun, Earth and the Moon determine?
  1. moon phases
  2. lunar and solar eclipse
  3. high and low tide
  4. all of the above
  5. none of the above
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The path an object takes around the Sun is called                .
  1. an universe
  2. a nebulae
  3. an orbit
  4. a star
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Earth takes 365.25 days to orbit the Sun. Which of the following is a consequence of this fact?
  1. February has 28 days instead of 30.
  2. The calendar has 365 days every year.
  3. An extra day is added every four years.
  4. An extra week is added every four years.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Sir Isaac Newton's work in the late 1600s convinced people that the Sun, not Earth, was the center of the universe. What scientific term describes this idea?
  1. chaotic universe
  2. geocentric universe
  3. spontaneous universe
  4. heliocentric universe
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The constellations seem to move as the seasons on Earth change. What causes this?
  1. Like the Moon, the stars move around Earth.
  2. As Earth revolves around the Sun, we have a different view of the stars.
  3. As Earth rotates on its axis, we see different parts of the sky.
  4. Just as the seasons on Earth change, so do the seasons on stars.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Which is most responsible for seasons?
  1. How close Earth is to the Sun
  2. Earth's rotation
  3. Earth's tilt
  4. All of the above
  5. None of the above
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Ashley is studying how the length of an object's shadow changes from early morning to late afternoon. At the end of the day, she creates a bar graph that relates the time of day and length of the shadow. Which of the following best describes how Ashley's graph should look?
  1. the length of the bars increases in size from morning through afternoon
  2. the length of the bars decreases in size from morning through afternoon
  3. the length of the bars increases in size from morning until noon and then decreases in length through afternoon
  4. the length of the bars decreases in size from morning until noon and then increases in length through afternoon
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
What is the primary cause of seasons?
  1. the tilt of Earth's axis
  2. the distance from the Sun
  3. the amount of gravity on Earth
  4. none of the above
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Which is an oval-like shape, like a flattened circle?
  1. Meteor
  2. Universe
  3. Star
  4. Elliptical
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Change of season is mainly due to the revolution of earth.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Why there are different seasons on Earth?
  1. because of the Moon's rotation around Earth
  2. because of the distance Earth is from the Sun
  3. because Earth is tilted on an axis
  4. because the clouds block out the Sun
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