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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Earth Science Questions

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Grade 5 Rocks
What do all rocks have in common?
  1. They all have the same color.
  2. They all have minerals.
  3. They all have the same shape.
  4. They are all the same size.
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Which of the below are examples of fossil fuels?
  1. Soil, rocks, and sand
  2. Coal, oil, and natural gas
  3. Plants, trees, and animals
Grade 5 Atmosphere
                is a process in the water cycle where water vapor rises into the atmosphere.
  1. Precipitation
  2. Runoff
  3. Condensation
  4. Evaporation
Grade 5 Atmosphere
Rain, sleet, hail, and snow are all part of the                 process in the water cycle.
  1. transpiration
  2. evaporation
  3. precipitation
  4. condensation
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows estimates of where fresh water is stored by percentages.
Earth's Fresh Water
SourcePercentage
Lakes0.25%
Glaciers & Ice69%
Rivers0.006%
Groundwater30%
Other<1%

Which is the greatest source of fresh water?
  1. lakes
  2. rivers
  3. groundwater
  4. glaciers and ice
Grade 5 Atmosphere
What instrument is used to measure atmospheric pressure?
  1. Anemometer
  2. Barometer
  3. Wind vane
  4. Psychrometer
Grade 5 Soil
What kind of soil is most likely found in the desert?
  1. dark, damp soil
  2. dry, sandy soil
  3. sticky, red soil
  4. think, muddy soil
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The diagram best represents which cycle?
Water Cycles Simple
  1. rock cycle
  2. water cycle
  3. carbon cycle
  4. nitrogen cycle
Grade 5 Rocks
Sandstone, shale, and limestone are examples of                 rock.
  1. igneous
  2. metamorphic
  3. sedimentary
Grade 5 Tectonics
The theory of plate movement is called                      .
  1. plate tectonics
  2. geology
  3. continental tectonics
  4. biology
Grade 5 Geomorphology
The process of wearing away rocks by natural means is                .
  1. erosion
  2. weathering
  3. faulting
  4. an earthquake
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Which is an example of a natural disaster?
  1. a small earthquake strikes an area without any cities or towns
  2. a blizzard hits a city and roofs collapses under the weight of the snow
Grade 5 Tectonics
A shaking of the ground, caused by movement of the crust, is a(n)                .
  1. volcano
  2. earthquake
  3. sinkhole
  4. jetty
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Renewable resources are resources
  1. that cannot be reused or replaced.
  2. that will never run out.
  3. that can be replaced to be used over and over again.
  4. such as fossil fuels.
Grade 5 Geomorphology
The process of moving sediment by wind, moving water, or ice is                .
  1. erosion
  2. weathering
  3. an earthquake
  4. faulting
Grade 5 Rocks
What hot, liquid rock spews out of an erupting volcano?
  1. ash
  2. magma
  3. lava
  4. carbon dioxide
Grade 5 Earth's Layers
Which layer of Earth do plants and animals live on?
  1. inner core
  2. outer core
  3. mantle
  4. crust
Grade 5 Geomorphology
The process in which materials are eroded by weather or ice and are dropped into a new place, creating a new landform
  1. Weathering
  2. Deposition
  3. Erosion
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Freshwater can become polluted and unsafe for drinking or cooking. The word that most closely defines polluted is                .
  1. contained
  2. salt water
  3. purified
  4. contaminated
Grade 5 Environmental Science
                       are living and nonliving things found on Earth that people need.
  1. Fossil fuels
  2. Renewable resources
  3. Nonrenewable resources
  4. Natural resources
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