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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Oceanography and Hydrology Questions

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Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows estimates of where fresh water is stored by percentages.
Earth's Fresh Water
SourcePercentage
Lakes0.25%
Glaciers & Ice69%
Rivers0.006%
Groundwater30%
Other<1%

Which is the greatest source of fresh water?
  1. lakes
  2. rivers
  3. groundwater
  4. glaciers and ice
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The diagram best represents which cycle?
Water Cycles Simple
  1. rock cycle
  2. water cycle
  3. carbon cycle
  4. nitrogen cycle
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Oceans have a huge effect on weather and climate mainly because
  1. oceans have huge waves.
  2. oceans are very salty.
  3. the fish and sea creatures give off heat.
  4. oceans hold and spread heat around the world by currents.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The diagram represents the water cycle.
Water Cycles Simple

Write the letter from the diagram that best fits each word or phrase below.

     C      Evaporation

     A      Precipitation

     D      Condensation and cloud formation

     B      Groundwater and water collection
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
This is the process of a gas becoming a liquid.
  1. condensation
  2. precipitation
  3. evaporation
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
An ocean is a fresh body of water.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
This is water that falls from the clouds to the ground.
  1. condensation
  2. precipitation
  3. melting
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
When Earth is seen from outer space it looks mainly blue. This is because most of Earth is covered with                .
  1. ice
  2. mountains
  3. oceans
  4. deserts
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
What are the main parts of the water cycle?
  1. precipitation, evaporation, condensation
  2. carbon dioxide, sugar, water
  3. energy, oxygen, sugar
  4. lightning, bacteria, nitrogen
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which of the following is a source of fresh, liquid water?
  1. river
  2. ocean
  3. glacier
  4. permafrost
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
If ocean currents do not flow by their normal patterns, irregular weather can happen. What is this called?
  1. El Nino
  2. Coriolis Effect
  3. Polarity
  4. Upwelling
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which one of these is not a major body of water?
  1. pond
  2. lake
  3. ocean
  4. river
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
When plants give off drops of water it is called                .
  1. transpiration
  2. evaporation
  3. condensation
  4. matter
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Where is most of Earth's liquid water found?
Planet Earth - Small
  1. oceans
  2. atmosphere
  3. lakes and rivers
  4. soil and groundwater
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
An underground layer of rock or soil that is filled with water
  1. a reservoir
  2. an aquifer
  3. a lake
  4. groundwater
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows approximate volumes of ocean water by percentage.
Ocean Water Volume
OceanPercentage
Arctic1.5%
Atlantic23.5%
Indian20%
Pacific49.5%
Southern5.5%

Which statement is a conclusion that can be drawn from the data?
  1. The Atlantic Ocean is the saltiest of the five oceans.
  2. The Pacific Ocean holds the largest volume of water.
  3. The volume of water stored in each ocean will change depending on the season.
  4. The volume of water stored in each ocean has changed because of continental drift.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Where is water vapor found?
  1. In the air around you
  2. In the air you breathe
  3. In a pot of boiling water
  4. All of the above
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Dew forms during which part of the water cycle?
  1. Condensation
  2. Evaporation
  3. Precipitation
  4. Runoff
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Lake Baikal in Russia is considered the largest freshwater lake in the world by volume. It holds about one-fifth of Earth's liquid, fresh surface water. America's Lake Superior holds the largest volume of fresh surface water in North America.

Which is a correct conclusion that can be drawn from the passage?
  1. Lake Baikal holds one-fifth of the world's water.
  2. Lake Baikal covers more area than any other lake.
  3. Lake Baikal is the world's largest source of drinking water.
  4. Lake Baikal holds a larger volume of fresh water than Lake Superior.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Where is water vapor found?
  1. in the air around you
  2. in your breath
  3. hot steam from a kettle
  4. all of the above
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