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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Oceanography and Hydrology Questions

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Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The diagram best represents which cycle?
Water Cycles Simple
  1. rock cycle
  2. water cycle
  3. carbon cycle
  4. nitrogen cycle
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows estimates of where fresh water is stored by percentages.
Earth's Fresh Water
SourcePercentage
Lakes0.25%
Glaciers & Ice69%
Rivers0.006%
Groundwater30%
Other<1%

Which is the greatest source of fresh water?
  1. lakes
  2. rivers
  3. groundwater
  4. glaciers and ice
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The diagram represents the water cycle.
Water Cycles Simple

Write the letter from the diagram that best fits each word or phrase below.

     C      Evaporation

     A      Precipitation

     D      Condensation and cloud formation

     B      Groundwater and water collection
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
This is the process of a gas becoming a liquid.
  1. condensation
  2. precipitation
  3. evaporation
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Oceans have a huge effect on weather and climate mainly because
  1. oceans have huge waves.
  2. oceans are very salty.
  3. the fish and sea creatures give off heat.
  4. oceans hold and spread heat around the world by currents.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
An ocean is a fresh body of water.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
This is water that falls from the clouds to the ground.
  1. condensation
  2. precipitation
  3. melting
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
When Earth is seen from outer space it looks mainly blue. This is because most of Earth is covered with                .
  1. ice
  2. mountains
  3. oceans
  4. deserts
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
What are the main parts of the water cycle?
  1. precipitation, evaporation, condensation
  2. carbon dioxide, sugar, water
  3. energy, oxygen, sugar
  4. lightning, bacteria, nitrogen
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
This tide occurs on two points of Earth at a time - one closest to the Moon and one farthest from the Moon.
  1. Low tide
  2. High tide
  3. Spring tide
  4. Neap tide
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
During the water cycle water moves
  1. only between clouds.
  2. between lakes and soil.
  3. between plants and soil.
  4. between earth and air.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
An underground layer of rock or soil that is filled with water
  1. a reservoir
  2. an aquifer
  3. a lake
  4. groundwater
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
When plants give off drops of water it is called                .
  1. transpiration
  2. evaporation
  3. condensation
  4. matter
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which of the following is a source of fresh, liquid water?
  1. river
  2. ocean
  3. glacier
  4. permafrost
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
If ocean currents do not flow by their normal patterns, irregular weather can happen. What is this called?
  1. El Nino
  2. Coriolis Effect
  3. Polarity
  4. Upwelling
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Dew forms during which part of the water cycle?
  1. Condensation
  2. Evaporation
  3. Precipitation
  4. Runoff
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which one of these is not a major body of water?
  1. pond
  2. lake
  3. ocean
  4. river
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
A storm surge is
  1. a period of heavier rain.
  2. a large swell in the ocean by the shore.
  3. a sudden increase in electrical power to your home.
  4. a crowd of people going to stock up on groceries.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Three-fourths of Earth's surface is covered by water. Which of these describes nearly 97% of the water on Earth's surface?
  1. ice
  2. salt water
  3. fresh water
  4. ground water
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Where is water vapor found?
  1. in the air around you
  2. in your breath
  3. hot steam from a kettle
  4. all of the above
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