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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Oceanography and Hydrology Questions

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Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The diagram represents the water cycle.
Water Cycles Simple

Write the letter from the diagram that best fits each word or phrase below.

     C      Evaporation

     A      Precipitation

     D      Condensation and cloud formation

     B      Groundwater and water collection
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The diagram best represents which cycle?
Water Cycles Simple
  1. rock cycle
  2. water cycle
  3. carbon cycle
  4. nitrogen cycle
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows estimates of where fresh water is stored by percentages.
Earth's Fresh Water
SourcePercentage
Lakes0.25%
Glaciers & Ice69%
Rivers0.006%
Groundwater30%
Other<1%

Which statement is a conclusion that can be drawn from the data?
  1. More fresh water is stored in rivers than in lakes.
  2. More fresh water is stored in lakes than as glaciers and ice.
  3. More fresh water is stored as groundwater than as glaciers and ice.
  4. More fresh water is stored as groundwater than in rivers and lakes combined.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Mia creates a bar graph to compare the amounts of the Earth's fresh water and salt water. Which statement best describes Mia's bar graph?
  1. The bars for fresh water and salt water should be about the same length.
  2. The bar for fresh water should be a little longer than the bar for salt water.
  3. The bar for fresh water should be much longer than the bar for salt water.
  4. The bar for salt water should be a little longer than the bar for fresh water.
  5. The bar for salt water should be much longer than the bar for fresh water.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
A storm surge is
  1. a period of heavier rain.
  2. a large swell in the ocean by the shore.
  3. a sudden increase in electrical power to your home.
  4. a crowd of people going to stock up on groceries.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
These are formed as plates diverge and magma fills in and builds up in the open spaces.
  1. abyssal plains
  2. seamounts
  3. ocean ridges
  4. trenches
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which of the following is a large, nearly flat region on the ocean floor?
  1. abyssal plain
  2. seamount
  3. subduction
  4. sonar
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which of the following is an undersea, volcanic mountain found on the ocean floor?
  1. abyssal plain
  2. seamount
  3. subduction
  4. sonar
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows estimates of where fresh water is stored by percentages.
Earth's Fresh Water
SourcePercentage
Lakes0.25%
Glaciers & Ice69%
Rivers0.006%
Groundwater30%
Other<1%

Which is the greatest source of fresh water?
  1. lakes
  2. rivers
  3. groundwater
  4. glaciers and ice
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Oceans have a huge effect on weather and climate mainly because
  1. oceans have huge waves
  2. oceans are very salty
  3. the fish and sea creatures give off heat
  4. oceans hold and spread heat around the world by currents
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Shorelines are always changing because of        wind        and         water        .
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
About how much of Earth is covered by water?
  1. 1/4
  2. 3/4
  3. 4/4
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
When plants give off drops of water it is called
  1. transpiration
  2. evaporation
  3. condensation
  4. matter
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
A tide is formed by the gravitational pull of the        moon        on the oceans.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Tsunamis are caused by large levels of pollution in the Earth's oceans.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Where is water vapor found?
  1. In the air around you
  2. In the air you breathe
  3. In a pot of boiling water
  4. All of the above
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
About what percent of earth is covered with water?
  1. 75 percent
  2. 78 percent
  3. 65 percent
  4. 95 percent
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Earth is covered by                 of water.
  1. 1/2
  2. 2/3
  3. 3/4
  4. 1/5
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
What have scientist's used to map the ocean floor?
  1. fish schooling
  2. old maps
  3. sonar
  4. light waves
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which is an example of condensation?
  1. 12 inches of snow falls in December.
  2. On a hot day, water on the sidewalk quickly disappears.
  3. During a hurricane, 3 inches of rain falls in an hour.
  4. A layer of water appears on the outside of a cup of ice water soon after it was poured.
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