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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Geology Questions

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Grade 5 Rocks
Melted rock that is beneath Earth's surface is called                .
  1. magma
  2. lava
  3. sediment
  4. sand
Grade 5 Volcanoes
Molten rock that flows from a volcano onto earth's surface is                .
  1. lava
  2. magma
  3. sediment
  4. sand
Grade 5 Rocks
Rocks formed from hot, molten rock material that cooled and hardened are                .
  1. igneous
  2. sedimentary
  3. metamorphic
  4. minerals
Grade 5 Tectonics
In the Southwestern U.S., tectonic forces have pushed rocks upward over millions of years to form the Colorado Plateau. As the plateau has risen during this time, the Colorado River has been cutting down through the plateau to form the Grand Canyon.

Development of the Grand Canyon through the uplift of the plateau and erosion by the Colorado River illustrates that
  1. landforms result from constructive forces only.
  2. landforms result from a combination of constructive and destructive forces.
  3. landforms result from neither constructive and destructive forces.
  4. landforms result from destructive forces only.
Grade 5 Geomorphology
An area of new land at the mouth of a river, formed from sediments carried by the river, is called the                .
  1. epicenter
  2. delta
  3. topography
  4. fault
Grade 5 Earth's Layers
The crust is the thin layer of solid rock that makes up the outermost layer of the Earth.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Soil
What kind of soil is most likely found in the desert?
  1. dark, damp soil
  2. dry, sandy soil
  3. sticky, red soil
  4. think, muddy soil
Grade 5 Soil
The main ingredient in soil is
  1. bacteria.
  2. weathered rock.
  3. decayed animal material.
  4. decayed plant material.
Grade 5 Soil

This question is a part of a group with common instructions. View group »

Soil contains:
  1. only clay, and no humus
  2. silt and sand, but never clay
  3. humus and clay, but never sand
  4. rock, silt, sand, clay and humus
Grade 5 Volcanoes
Steep-sided volcanoes composed of many layers of volcanic rocks, usually made from high-viscosity lava, ash and rock debris.
  1. Cinder Cones
  2. Composite Volcanoes
  3. Shield Volcanoes
  4. Lava Volcanoes
Grade 5 Rocks
Term for no layering or banding of minerals in metamorphic rocks.
  1. Nonfoliated
  2. Foliated
  3. Clastic
  4. Lava
Grade 5 Volcanoes
A mountain that forms as molten rock that flows from a volcano onto earth's surface is a
  1. earthquake
  2. epicenter
  3. delta
  4. volcano
Grade 5 Tectonics
At a convergent plate boundary, plates collide into one another.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Geomorphology
A hill of sand, made and shaped by the wind, is a
  1. jetty.
  2. sand dune.
  3. sinkhole.
  4. delta.
Grade 5 Geomorphology
At a divergent plate boundary, plates collide into one another.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Soil
Which part of the soil has bits of dead plants and animals?
  1. roots
  2. humus
  3. clay
  4. bedrock
Grade 5 Geomorphology
A(n)                 force is a process that raises or builds up the surface of the Earth.
  1. constructive
  2. destructive
  3. weathering
  4. erosion
Grade 5 Volcanoes
A volcano shaped like a bowl in the middle with long gentle slopes made by basaltic lava flows.
  1. Cinder Cones
  2. Composite Volcanoes
  3. Shield Volcanoes
  4. Lava Volcanoes
Grade 5 Soil
From top to bottom, how is soil layered?
  1. subsoil, topsoil, bedrock
  2. topsoil, bedrock, subsoil
  3. bedrock, subsoil, topsoil
  4. topsoil, subsoil, bedrock
Grade 5 Volcanoes
Circular or oval cones made up of small pieces of lava from a single vent (hole) that have been blown into the air, cooled and fallen around the vent.
  1. Cinder Cones
  2. Composite Volcanoes
  3. Shield Volcanoes
  4. Lava Volcanoes
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