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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Environmental Science Questions

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Grade 5 Environmental Science

This question is a part of a group with common instructions. View group »

A material found in nature that is useful to humans is a
  1. natural resource.
  2. energy resource.
  3. renewable resource.
  4. mineral.
Grade 5 Environmental Science
The clean, relatively low-cost energy source from the sun is referred to as
  1. solar energy.
  2. magnetic energy.
  3. energy efficient.
  4. wind power.
Grade 5 Environmental Science
An unwanted substance added to water, air, or soil is called a                .
  1. pollutant
  2. fossil fuel
  3. geothermal
  4. biomass
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Because conservation means using fewer natural resources and reducing waste, it helps
  1. slow overpopulation and grow food.
  2. prevent habitat destruction and reduce pollution.
  3. prevent biodiversity and destroy species.
  4. stop exotic species and create habitats.
Grade 5 Environmental Science
What are the two most abundant greenhouse gases in earth's atmosphere?
  1. water vapor and carbon dioxide
  2. air and carbon dioxide
  3. methane and water vapor
  4. nitrogen and air
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Electricity can be made from fossil fuels and sources such as wind and solar energy.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Environmental Science

This question is a part of a group with common instructions. View group »

Conserving wetlands and reducing deforestation will help
  1. protect habitats.
  2. stop air pollution.
  3. slow overpopulation.
  4. eliminate exotic species.
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Oil is found deep beneath Earth's surface, either below land or beneath the ocean floor.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Which of the below are examples of fossil fuels?
  1. Soil, rocks, and sand
  2. Coal, oil, and natural gas
  3. Plants, trees, and animals
Grade 5 Environmental Science
                       are living and nonliving things found on Earth that people need.
  1. Fossil Fuels
  2. Renewable Resources
  3. Nonrenewable Resources
  4. Natural Resources
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Towns and cities often are established and grow where resources can be found.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Renewable resources are
  1. resources that cannot be reused or replaced
  2. resources that will never run out
  3. resources that can be replaced to be used over and over again
  4. resources such as fossil fuels
Grade 5 Environmental Science
We can take waste materials like newspaper and glass and use them again. If we                 them, they are collected and sent to plants that will turn them into new products. This will also reduce the size of landfills.
  1. remove
  2. reduce
  3. reuse
  4. recycle
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Natural resources that cannot be reused or replaced in person's lifetime are
  1. inexhaustible resources
  2. renewable resources
  3. nonrenewable resources
  4. unnatural resources
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Everything you throw away has to go somewhere. Most garbage ends up in a municipal landfill. How long does it really take for your trash to decompose? Test your knowledge now!

Ten common types of trash are listed below. Place the items in the order you believe they will decompose from first (1) to last (10) on the line before each type of trash. On the line after the item, write your best estimate of how long it will take that type of garbage to decompose. Will it be a week, month, year, 100 years, longer? The answers may surprise you!


     8       Monofilament fishing line               600 yrs               


     4       Wool sock              year              


     2       Paper bag              month              


     9       Plastic jug                million yr                


     5       Leather belt              decades              


     1      Banana peel              weeks              


     7      Disposable diaper                450 yrs                


     10      Glass bottle                   1 million+ yrs!                  


     3       Waxed milk carton               months               


     6       Aluminum can                 100+ yrs                 
Grade 5 Environmental Science
A site for disposal of waste materials is a            landfill           .

A mixture that is made up of decayed organic matter & used for fertilizer is           compost          .

The energy produced by heat trapped withing the earth is                     geothermal energy                    .

The organic matter from plant material and animal waste & used as an energy source is           biomass          .
Grade 5 Environmental Science
What is an example of a perpetual renewable resource?
  1. coal
  2. wind
  3. oil
  4. gas
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Which is the best reason why understanding global warming so important?
  1. because it can negatively affect plants and animals, but not people
  2. because it can negatively affect people, but not plants and animals
  3. because it can negatively affect people, plants, and animals
Grade 5 Environmental Science
It is important to use things we have in different ways. If we                 materials such as plastic and glass containers they will not fill up the landfills so quickly. Another way to reduce the amount of garbage is to repair broken things rather than throw them out.
  1. remove
  2. reduce
  3. reuse
  4. recycle
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Which is an example of a natural disaster?
  1. a small earthquake strikes an area without any cities or towns
  2. a blizzard hits a city and roofs collapses under the weight of the snow
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