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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Astronomy Questions

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Grade 5 Inner Planets
List the four inner planets in order from the sun.
  1. Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
  2. Mercury, Earth, Venus, Neptune
  3. Mars, Earth, Venus, Mercury
  4. Mars, Venus, Earth, Saturn
Grade 5 Inner Planets
The four planets that are closest to the sun are called the                 planets.
  1. outer
  2. inner
Grade 5 The Moon
A moon that is larger than a semicircle, but not a complete circle of light, is a                 moon.
  1. crescent
  2. new
  3. three-quarter
  4. gibbous
Grade 5 Sun
Which best explains why the sun appears brighter in the day than the stars appear at night?
  1. The sun is much larger than the Earth.
  2. The sun is much larger than the other stars.
  3. The sun is much hotter than the other stars.
  4. The sun is much closer to Earth than the other stars.
Grade 5 The Moon
The moon's gravity causes                .
  1. tides
  2. phases
  3. lunar eclipses
Grade 5 Inner Planets
The                 inner planets                 are the four planets of the solar system that are closest to the sun - Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Change of season is mainly due to the revolution of earth.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Stars
Star A and Star B are identical. However, Star A looks dimmer than Star B. Which statement may explain why Star A seems dimmer than Star B?
  1. Star A is closer to the observer than Star B.
  2. Star B is closer to the observer than Star A.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Large bodies that revolve around the sun are called             planets             .
Grade 5 The Moon
The changing views of the moon are called
  1. phases.
  2. seasons.
  3. reflections.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
An imaginary line that goes through the North Pole and the South Pole of Earth:
       AXIS       
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Arden observes a star in the night sky. She looks at the star every hour for five hours and notices that it has moved. Which reason best explains Arden's observation?
  1. The star is rotating on its axis.
  2. The Earth is rotating on its axis.
  3. The Earth is revolving around the sun.
  4. The star is revolving around the Earth.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The path the Earth takes as it moves around the sun in space:            orbit            
Grade 5 Small Bodies and Dwarf Planets
           Asteroid            is a small, rocky object that orbits the sun.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The movement of the Earth around the Sun approximately every 365 days:
             revolution             
Grade 5 Inner Planets
The inner planet closes to the Sun is                .
  1. Mercury
  2. Venus
  3. Earth
  4. Mars
Grade 5 The Moon
The moon is about
  1. one-half the size of the Earth.
  2. one-quarter the size of the Earth.
  3. twice the size of the Earth.
  4. one-tenth the size of the Earth.
Grade 5 The Moon
Mercury is the closest planet to the               .
  1. Moon
  2. Sun
  3. constellations
Grade 5 Solar System
The sun and all bodies that revolve around it make up the                solar system               .
Grade 5 Inner Planets
Mars is the                 planet from the sun.
  1. first
  2. second
  3. fourth
  4. sixth
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