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Eleventh Grade (Grade 11) Astronomy Questions

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Grade 11 Planetary Motion
Grade 11 Stars
Constellations are                                                .
  1. clusters of stars very near each other in space
  2. groupings of planets in the sky
  3. patterns of stars in the sky
  4. close associations of stars and visible planets
Grade 11 Planetary Motion
Largest part of an eclipse, less dark, outer part of the shadow.
  1. Eclipse
  2. Solar eclipse
  3. Lunar eclipse
  4. Umbra
  5. Penumbra
Grade 11 Small Bodies and Dwarf Planets
What is the difference between an asteroid and comet?
  1. A comet orbits the sun and an asteroid does not.
  2. When a comet comes near the sun it loses material while an asteroid typically remains solid.
  3. An asteroid is formed from leftovers from the formation of the solar system and a comet is not.
  4. An asteroid orbits the sun in the oort cloud while a comet orbits the sun between Mars and Jupiter.
Grade 11 Small Bodies and Dwarf Planets
What do comets and asteroids have in common?
  1. They both have a long elliptical orbit.
  2. They are both made up of rock, ice, and gaseous materials.
  3. They orbit the sun between Mars and Jupiter.
  4. They are both remnants from the materials that formed the Solar System.
Grade 11 Planetary Motion
The Moon casts a shadow on Earth (Moon blocks out the Sun).
  1. Eclipse
  2. Solar eclipse
  3. Lunar eclipse
  4. Umbra
  5. Penumbra
Grade 11 Sun
Sunspots seem to move across the surface of the Sun. What evidence does it tell us?
  1. The Sun is hot.
  2. The Sun rotates.
  3. There are solar eclipses.
  4. Earth revolves around the Sun.
Grade 11 Space Exploration
He invented calculus, laws of physical motion, and a law of universal gravitation.
  1. Johannes Kepler
  2. Tycho Brahe
  3. Nicholas Copernicus
  4. Isaac Newton
  5. Galileo Galilei
Grade 11 Sun
The Sun is composed mainly of which two gases?
  1. hydrogen and helium
  2. oxygen and carbon dioxide
  3. nitrogen and oxygen
  4. none of the above
Grade 11 Stars
The parallaxes of nearby stars are produced by                                        .
  1. stellar motion across our line of sight
  2. stellar motion along our line of sight
  3. the rotation of the galaxy
  4. Earth's rotation on its axis
  5. Earth's revolution around the Sun
Grade 11 Small Bodies and Dwarf Planets
Grade 11 Planetary Motion
The darkest part of the Moon's shadow during an eclipse.
  1. Maria
  2. Crater
  3. Highlands
  4. Umbra
  5. Penumbra
Grade 11 The Moon
Why are temperatures so extreme on the Moon?
  1. It is far away from the Sun.
  2. The wind is always blowing.
  3. It has no atmosphere.
  4. None of the above.
Grade 11 Universe
The greater the distance of a galaxy away from Earth,                                   .
  1. the older it is
  2. the greater the observed blueshift
  3. the more massive it is
  4. the greater the observed redshift
Grade 11 Space Exploration
He built telescopes better than anyone shortly after their invention and used them for astronomical observations.
  1. Nicholas Copernicus
  2. Tycho Brahe
  3. Johannes Kepler
  4. Galileo Galilei
  5. Isaac Newton
Grade 11 Solar System
Grade 11 Inner Planets
About how old is the planet Earth?
  1. 4,500 years
  2. 450,000 years
  3. 4,500,000 years
  4. 4,500,000,000 years
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