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Fourth Grade (Grade 4) Geology Questions

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Grade 4 Rocks
Cooled lava on Earth's surface turns into                  .
  1. magma.
  2. sedimentary rock.
  3. metamorphic rock.
  4. igneous rock.
Grade 4 Rocks
Which of the following is a sedimentary rock?
  1. shale
  2. diamond
  3. granite
  4. marble
Grade 4 Soil
Which of the following is a soil layer?
  1. horizon
  2. topsoil
  3. subsoil
  4. All of the above
Grade 4 Rocks
Rocks are made up of minerals.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Volcanoes
A cone-shaped landform that can erupt at times is called                .
  1. earthquake
  2. fault
  3. epicenter
  4. volcano
Grade 4 Tectonics
A long, narrow crack in Earth's crust is called a                   .
  1. mountain.
  2. plate.
  3. fault.
  4. continental slope.
Grade 4 Rocks
All rock types can become metamorphic rocks.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Rocks
When magma cools it forms igneous rock. Where is magma found?
  1. above ground
  2. underground
  3. on a mountain
  4. on the outside of a volcano
Grade 4 Earth's Layers
What do you call the solid, rocky outer shell of Earth?
  1. crust
  2. canyon
  3. island
  4. mantle
Grade 4 Rocks
What are rocks made of?
  1. minerals
  2. seeds
  3. living things
  4. wood
Grade 4 Volcanoes
Which phrase best completes the following sentence? The Hawaiian Islands were formed by                .
  1. folding
  2. volcanoes
  3. glaciers
  4. faulting
Grade 4 Rocks
What is the natural process that causes one kind of rock to change into another kind?
  1. weathering
  2. rock cycle
  3. sediment
  4. metamorphic rock
Grade 4 Rocks
Metamorphic rocks are rocks that have been changed from heat and pressure.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Rocks
                rocks are formed when sediments are pressed and cemented together.
  1. Weathering
  2. Metamorphic
  3. Sedimentary
  4. Deposition
Grade 4 Earth's Layers
What is the Earth's hottest layer?
  1. inner core
  2. outer core
  3. mantle
  4. crust
Grade 4 Rocks
What do you call the melted, liquid rock that is found beneath the Earth's surface?
  1. volcanoes
  2. magma
  3. tectonic plates
  4. Richter scale
Grade 4 Rocks
All types of rocks can change from one type to another at some point in the rock cycle.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Geomorphology
Weathering and erosion are the processes through which rock is                                                  .
  1. physically and chemically changed.
  2. chemically altered and moved to a new location.
  3. broken down and moved to another place.
  4. chemically altered and broken into small pebbles.
Grade 4 Rocks
All rocks are made up of minerals.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Minerals
During the 1800s, miners needed to be able to tell real gold from another mineral, pyrite. To tell them apart, the miners would bite the mineral they found. If they saw a bite mark in the mineral, they knew it was real gold. What property were they testing?
  1. cleavage
  2. luster
  3. hardness
  4. streak color
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