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Fourth Grade (Grade 4) Earth Science Questions

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Grade 4 Rocks
Cooled lava on Earth's surface turns into                  .
  1. magma.
  2. sedimentary rock.
  3. metamorphic rock.
  4. igneous rock.
Grade 4 Rocks
Which of the following is a sedimentary rock?
  1. shale
  2. diamond
  3. granite
  4. marble
Grade 4 Soil
Which of the following is a soil layer?
  1. horizon
  2. topsoil
  3. subsoil
  4. All of the above
Grade 4 Rocks
Rocks are made up of minerals.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Volcanoes
A cone-shaped landform that can erupt at times is called                .
  1. earthquake
  2. fault
  3. epicenter
  4. volcano
Grade 4 Tectonics
A long, narrow crack in Earth's crust is called a                   .
  1. mountain.
  2. plate.
  3. fault.
  4. continental slope.
Grade 4 Rocks
All rock types can become metamorphic rocks.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Rocks
When magma cools it forms igneous rock. Where is magma found?
  1. above ground
  2. underground
  3. on a mountain
  4. on the outside of a volcano
Grade 4 Environmental Science
Which of the following is not an example of reduce, reuse, recycle?
  1. Using worn-out clothes for rags.
  2. Refilling plastic water bottles.
  3. Throwing old toys in the trash can.
  4. Taking aluminum cans to the school recycling center.
Grade 4 Earth's Layers
What do you call the solid, rocky outer shell of Earth?
  1. crust
  2. canyon
  3. island
  4. mantle
Grade 4 Rocks
What are rocks made of?
  1. minerals
  2. seeds
  3. living things
  4. wood
Grade 4 Rocks
What is the natural process that causes one kind of rock to change into another kind?
  1. weathering
  2. rock cycle
  3. sediment
  4. metamorphic rock
Grade 4 Volcanoes
Which phrase best completes the following sentence? The Hawaiian Islands were formed by                .
  1. folding
  2. volcanoes
  3. glaciers
  4. faulting
Grade 4 Environmental Science
When you use something again you               matter.
  1. recycle
  2. reuse
  3. reduce
  4. replace
Grade 4 Rocks
Metamorphic rocks are rocks that have been changed from heat and pressure.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Rocks
                rocks are formed when sediments are pressed and cemented together.
  1. Weathering
  2. Metamorphic
  3. Sedimentary
  4. Deposition
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
Earth's surface is made up of about 70% water.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Environmental Science
Which resource is renewable?
  1. coal
  2. diamonds
  3. silver
  4. wind
Grade 4 Earth's Layers
What is the Earth's hottest layer?
  1. inner core
  2. outer core
  3. mantle
  4. crust
Grade 4 Rocks
What do you call the melted, liquid rock that is found beneath the Earth's surface?
  1. volcanoes
  2. magma
  3. tectonic plates
  4. Richter scale
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