This printable supports Next Generation Science Standards Science and Engineering Practice 8 - Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information.

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Combining Text & Diagram Information - Rock Cycle (Grade 5)

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Combining Text & Diagram Information - Rock Cycle

Instructions: Use the rock cycle diagram and text to answer the questions.

The Rock Cycle
Rock Cycle Diagram With Text Labels - Small
Geologists classify rocks based on how they form. There are three rock types: igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary. Igneous rocks form when magma or lava cools and hardens into rock. This is the process of solidification. Metamorphic rocks form when heat and pressure change rocks. Mountain building, burial, and faulting are a few ways rocks undergo metamorphism, or change into metamorphic rocks. Sedimentary rocks can form when rocks break apart, move, then settle and harden. These are the processes of weathering, erosion, deposition and cementation.

But, rocks don't just form once! Earth is always changing. Convection currents deep within the mantle move tectonic plates. Water, wind, ice and gravity work on the Earth's surface to break down and move rocks. Magma cools within Earth's interior and erupts as lava on its surface. All of these processes change rocks. Over thousands and even millions of years, rocks change from one type to other. This process of changing rocks into different types is the rock cycle.
Give two pieces of information provided in the text that are not given on the rock cycle diagram.

Give two pieces of information provided on the rock cycle diagram that are not given in the text.

Quartzite is a metamorphic rock that forms from the sedimentary rock sandstone. Use the information in the text and diagram to describe how sandstone becomes quartzite.

Diagrams, like the one shown, help support scientific texts. Likewise, diagrams need accompanying written text to fully communicate the information they convey. Use the diagram and text to write a one sentence summary about the rock cycle.

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