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History of Medicine (Grade 7)

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History of Medicine

1. 
The oldest known records of medical practices come from which Mesopotamian civilization?
  1. Persia
  2. Sumer
  3. Assyria
  4. Babylon
2. 
Records from Babylon and Egypt indicate that both used physical examinations and observations of symptoms to diagnose illnesses.
  1. True
  2. False
3. 
The earliest known surgical tools were found in Persia.
  1. True
  2. False
4. 
The ancient Greeks believed that sicknesses were caused by an imbalance of four bodily fluids they called                .
  1. elements
  2. miasmas
  3. humors
  4. biles
5. 
The Hippocratic Oath was named after the ancient Greek doctor Hippocrates.
  1. True
  2. False
6. 

The image of the Rod of                 is still used today by medical organizations.
  1. Zeus
  2. Hermes
  3. Mercury
  4. Asclepius
7. 
The works of Galen were still being used over a thousand years after his death during the medieval period.
  1. True
  2. False
8. 
The first hospitals were in ancient Sparta.
  1. True
  2. False
9. 
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Academy of Gondishapur in Iran became the most important center for medical research.
  1. True
  2. False
10. 
During the 18th and 19th centuries, it was thought disease was spread through polluted or foul-smelling air called                .
  1. cholera
  2. miasmas
  3. vapors
  4. humors
11. 
Which surgeon promoted the use of antiseptics to sterilize surgical tools before operations?
  1. Louis Pasteur
  2. Joseph Lister
  3. Robert Koch
  4. Jonas Salk
12. 
Florence Nightingale established the first secular nursing school.
  1. True
  2. False
13. 
Edward Jenner created the vaccine for which disease?
  1. polio
  2. malaria
  3. cholera
  4. smallpox
14. 
Inoculation is the same as vaccination.
  1. True
  2. False
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