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History of Medicine (Grade 7)

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History of Medicine

The oldest known records of medical practices come from which Mesopotamian civilization?
  1. Persia
  2. Sumer
  3. Assyria
  4. Babylon
Records from Babylon and Egypt indicate that both used physical examinations and observations of symptoms to diagnose illnesses.
  1. True
  2. False
The earliest known surgical tools were found in Persia.
  1. True
  2. False
The ancient Greeks believed that sicknesses were caused by an imbalance of four bodily fluids they called                .
  1. elements
  2. miasmas
  3. humors
  4. biles
The Hippocratic Oath was named after the ancient Greek doctor Hippocrates.
  1. True
  2. False

The image of the Rod of                 is still used today by medical organizations.
  1. Zeus
  2. Hermes
  3. Mercury
  4. Asclepius
The works of Galen were still being used over a thousand years after his death during the medieval period.
  1. True
  2. False
The first hospitals were in ancient Sparta.
  1. True
  2. False
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Academy of Gondishapur in Iran became the most important center for medical research.
  1. True
  2. False
During the 18th and 19th centuries, it was thought disease was spread through polluted or foul-smelling air called                .
  1. cholera
  2. miasmas
  3. vapors
  4. humors
Which surgeon promoted the use of antiseptics to sterilize surgical tools before operations?
  1. Louis Pasteur
  2. Joseph Lister
  3. Robert Koch
  4. Jonas Salk
Florence Nightingale established the first secular nursing school.
  1. True
  2. False
Edward Jenner created the vaccine for which disease?
  1. polio
  2. malaria
  3. cholera
  4. smallpox
Inoculation is the same as vaccination.
  1. True
  2. False
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