Writing Simple Numerical Expressions (Grade 5)

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Writing Simple Numerical Expressions

Instructions: A numerical expression has numbers and operation signs [math](+, -, xx, -:)[/math], but no equal sign [math](=)[/math]. Some numerical expressions may also have grouping symbols like parentheses or brackets.

Example 1: [math]3+2[/math]
This is a numerical expression with numbers and an addition sign. It does not have an equal sign.

Example 2: [math](5-2)xx6[/math]
This is a numerical expression with numbers, operation signs, and parentheses. It does not have an equal sign.

Write each numerical expression that matches its description.

1. 
Which expression matches the statement, "add 5 and 3, then subtract from 12"?
  1. [math]5 + 3 -12[/math]
  2. [math]12 - 5 +3[/math]
  3. [math](5 + 3) -12[/math]
  4. [math]12 - (5 + 3)[/math]
2. 
Which is another way of stating the numerical expression shown below?

[math](4 + 7)xx3[/math]
  1. three times 7 plus 4
  2. three plus the sum of 4 and 7
  3. three times the sum of 4 and 7
  4. three plus the product of 4 and 7
3. 
William won 50 tickets at the arcade. He redeemed 30 tickets for a prize and gave 5 tickets to Katelyn. Which expression can William use to find how many tickets he has left?
  1. [math]50 - (30 + 5)[/math]
  2. [math]50 + (30 - 5)[/math]
  3. [math](50 + 30) + 5[/math]
  4. [math](50 - 30) - 5[/math]
4. 
Which number expression shows the difference in growth height between the sunflower and daylily?
Bar Graph 5
  1. [math]3 + 2[/math]
  2. [math]3 - 2[/math]
  3. [math]4 + 2[/math]
  4. [math]4 - 2[/math]
5. 
Sergio's home solar panels decrease the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by 35,000 pounds per year. Which expression shows the number of pounds of carbon dioxide Sergio's solar panels save being released over 10 years?
Earth Day - Solar Cell
  1. [math]35,000 xx 10[/math]
  2. [math]35,000-:10[/math]
  3. [math]35,000 + 10[/math]
  4. [math]35,000 - 10[/math]
6. 
Tiffany poured muffin batter into 3 muffin pans. Each muffin pan holds 8 muffins. She kept 6 muffins and took the rest to school for the bake sale. Which expression could be used to find the total number of muffins Tiffany took to school for the bake sale?
  1. (3 x 8) + 6
  2. (3 + 8) - 6
  3. (3 x 8) - 6
  4. 3 x (8 - 6)
7. 
Tia scored twice as many goals as Camila. Which number expression shows the number of goals Tia scored?
Bar Graph 6
  1. [math]4 + 2[/math]
  2. [math]4 - 2[/math]
  3. [math]4xx 2[/math]
  4. [math]4 -: 2[/math]
8. 
John is a builder. He charges $120 for a small bookcase and $175 for a large one. One month he sold 3 small bookcases and 2 large ones.

Which expression represents the total amount of money John received for the bookcases?
  1. [math](120 + 3)(175 + 2)[/math]
  2. [math]120(3 + 2) + 175[/math]
  3. [math]3(120) + 2(175)[/math]
  4. [math]120(175) + 3(2)[/math]
9. 
Mr. Jones bought 4 bunches of carrots and 3 bags of onions. There are 8 carrots in each bunch and 15 onions in each bag. Write an expression for the total number of carrots and onions he bought.





10. 
Andy is 13 more than twice Sam's age. If Sam is 7 years old, write an expression that shows how to determine Andy's age.





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