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History of American Railroads (Grade 5)

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History of American Railroads

1. 
The first railways in the United States were gravity railroads.
  1. True
  2. False
2. 
What was the name of the first successful American-built steam locomotive?
  1. Stourbridge Lion
  2. DeWitt Clinton
  3. Tom Thumb
  4. John Bull
3. 
Which was the first American railroad to use a steam locomotive?
  1. South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company
  2. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
  3. Delaware and Hudson Canal Company Gravity Railroad
  4. Union Pacific Railroad
4. 
What was the first American railroad chartered for both passenger and freight travel?
  1. South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company
  2. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
  3. Delaware and Hudson Canal Company Gravity Railroad
  4. Union Pacific Railroad
5. 
With 137 miles of track in 1833, the South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company was the longest railroad in the world at the time.
  1. True
  2. False
6. 
Most early American railroads were built to haul what resource?
  1. gold
  2. coal
  3. stone
  4. lumber
7. 
Preferring canals, the federal government did not support the expansion of railroads during the 1850s.
  1. True
  2. False
8. 
During the Civil War, the heavily industrialized north had a much bigger railroad network than the south.
  1. True
  2. False
9. 
The expansion of railroads into the west led to increased tensions between the federal government and Native Americans.
  1. True
  2. False
10. 
Which two railroads operated the Transcontinental Railroad?
  1. Union Pacific and Norfolk Southern
  2. Union Pacific and Central Pacific
  3. Central Pacific and Great Northern
  4. Conrail and Norfolk Southern
11. 
The first Transcontinental Railroad was built between what years?
  1. 1834-1840
  2. 1846-1851
  3. 1863-1869
  4. 1882-1888
12. 
By the 1870s, canals were largely replaced by railroads.
  1. True
  2. False
13. 
How long did the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 last?
  1. 3 days
  2. 45 days
  3. 101 days
  4. 229 days
14. 
By the end of the 19th century, the railroad industry was the largest employer in the United States.
  1. True
  2. False
15. 
Railroads were a risky business, and nearly a fourth of the railroads failed by the end of the 19th century.
  1. True
  2. False
16. 
Why did passenger rail service in the United States decline beginning in the 1950s?



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