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The Atmosphere (Grade 5)

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The Atmosphere

The lowest layer of the atmosphere is the                .
  1. exosphere
  2. ionosphere
  3. stratosphere
  4. troposphere
The atmosphere is made primarily of
  1. carbon dioxide.
  2. oxygen.
  3. nitrogen.
  4. argon.
Energy from what source drives the atmosphere and hydrosphere?
  1. Sun
  2. Radioactive decay
  3. Primordial coalescence
  4. Chemical reactions
Air pressure decreases as you go higher into the atmosphere.
  1. True
  2. False
A portion of the mesosphere and thermosphere known for its ability to "bounce" radio signals is the                .
  1. exosphere
  2. ionosphere
  3. stratosphere
  4. troposphere
Ozone is concentrated in the                .
  1. troposphere
  2. ionosphere
  3. mesosphere
  4. stratosphere
Which of the following characteristics describe warm air?
  1. It is forced upward by cooler air and exerts high pressure.
  2. It is forced upward by cooler air and exerts low pressure.
  3. It sinks and has high pressure.
  4. It sinks and has low pressure.
Air pressure is measured with a(n)                .
  1. thermometer
  2. barometer
  3. anemometer
  4. psychrometer
Which statement describes why different clouds form?
  1. the way water condenses from a gas to a liquid produces different clouds
  2. the way water changes from a liquid to a gas produces a different type of cloud
  3. different weather conditions produce different clouds
  4. wind blowing from different directions produces different clouds
When you see stratus clouds, it's often a sign of
  1. a nice day.
  2. light rain and drizzle.
  3. a storm.
The layer of the atmosphere just above the lowest layer of the atmosphere, known for its strong, steady winds, but few weather changes is the                .
  1. exosphere
  2. magnetosphere
  3. mesosphere
  4. stratosphere
Air that moves across Earth's surface due to differences in pressure is called                .
  1. wind
  2. air pressure
  3. ozone
As water vapor rises in the atmosphere, it cools and changes back to liquid. Tiny drops of liquid form clouds. What is this process called?
  1. Condensation
  2. Precipitation
  3. Evaporation
  4. Run-off
Which statement is true about weather?
  1. It occurs throughout the atmosphere.
  2. It occurs throughout the upper atmosphere.
  3. It occurs throughout the lower atmosphere.
  4. It occurs only in the stratosphere.
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