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Native American Rights (Grade 9)

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Native American Rights

In the 1830s, a Supreme Court Chief Justice asserted the fundamental principle that has guided the evolution of federal Indian law to the present: That tribes possess a nationhood status and retain inherent powers of self-government. Who was this well-known chief justice?
  1. John Roberts
  2. John Marshall
  3. Roger Taney
  4. Warren Burger
Who protects tribal sovereignty today and prevents the encroachment of other sovereigns on tribal jurisdiction?

Are Native Americans U.S. citizens?
  1. Yes, but only if they live outside of a federally-recognized reservation.
  2. No, they are citizens of their federally-recognized reservation.
  3. Yes. Just like everyone else, every Native American born within the territorial limits of the U.S. is an American citizen.
  4. It depends. If they are born on a federally-recognized reservation, they are citizens of that tribe. If they are born outside a federally-recognized reservation, they are American citizens.
Do Native Americans have the right to vote?
  1. Yes, but only for president.
  2. No, they can only vote for the elected officials of their federally-recognized reservation.
  3. It depends. If they live on a federally-recognized reservation, they can only vote for tribal officials. If they live outside a reservation, they can vote in federal, state and local elections.
  4. Yes, they can vote in presidential, congressional, state, and local elections no matter where they live.
How many Americans are at least fractionally Native American?

Are Native Americans subject to the same laws as those who are not Native American?

What is the primary federal agency charged with carrying out the United States’ trust responsibility to Native American people, maintaining the federal government-to-government relationship with the federally recognized Indian tribes?
  1. The Department of the Interior
  2. The Bureau of Indian Affairs
  3. The State Department
  4. The Indian Arts and Crafts Board
States have no authority over tribal governments which make laws for their reservations.
  1. True
  2. False
What powers do tribal governments possess?

Place a check in the "Yes" column if they have that power. Place a check in the "No" column if the tribal government does not possess that power.
the power to levy taxes
the power to make and enforce laws
the power to exclude persons from tribal lands
the power to make war
the power to print and issue currency
the power to engage in foreign relations
the power to license and regulate activities within their jurisdiction
What percent of the total U.S. Native American population lives away from their tribal lands?
  1. less than 10 percent
  2. 20 percent
  3. 35 percent
  4. more than 50 percent
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