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Figurative Language: Idioms, Similes, Metaphors (Grade 4)

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Figurative Language: Idioms, Similes, Metaphors

An idiom is                                                .
  1. a phrase or expression meaning what it says
  2. a phrase or expression with a different meaning
  3. a definition
  4. words that do not make sense
What does the idiom "you catch more flies with honey than with vinegar" mean?
  1. Flies like vinegar more than honey.
  2. It is a waste of time to argue.
  3. People respond better to kindness.
  4. It's easier to catch someone who eats honey.
Choose the words that make this statement true. The words must be chosen that show the correct order they should appear in the sentence.

Idioms only make sense if someone takes them                         not                        .
  1. literally, figuratively
  2. seriously, surprisingly
  3. figuratively, literally
  4. home, to grandmas
Which of the following is an example of a metaphor?
  1. He's as lazy as a dog.
  2. My dad won't go hiking, he is a couch potato!
  3. She was as cold as ice.
  4. Her eyes shone like stars in the night.
Both metaphors and similes use "like" or "as" for a comparison.
  1. True
  2. False
Marcy was a waterfall when her dog was hit by a car. This is an example of a
  1. personification
  2. metaphor
  3. similes
  4. irony
Which is the definition of an idiom?
  1. giving human characteristices to non-living things.
  2. using "like" or "as" to compare two things.
  3. comparing two things without using "like" or "as".
  4. phrases that people use in everyday language that do not make sense literally but we understand what they mean.
The following are examples of what type of figurative language?

- let the cat out of the bag
- play it by ear
- money talks
- cat got your tongue
  1. metaphor
  2. idiom
  3. personification
  4. oxymoron
In the novel "The Keeping Room," Joey says: "Like hot water, anger rushes through me."
What type of figurative language is this an example of?
  1. metaphor
  2. simile
  3. personification
  4. hyperbole
What type of figurative language is in the following quote?

"I had no idea that seagulls were that fast. Quick as a flash the chip in my hand disappeared."
  1. personification
  2. metaphor
  3. simile
  4. idiom
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