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Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions (Grade 6)

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Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions

Every year, countless people from some of the northern and central states of the country leave snow, ice and freezing temperatures behind by heading south. These "snowbirds", as they are often called, trade in their gloves and hats for sunscreen and bathing suits. Heading south to escape winter's chill is common, but some travelers do just the opposite. They pack the extra layers and the snow boots and head to the village of Jukkasjarvi in Sweden. Once they arrive, they check into their hotel, but they don't take off their heavy coats and scarves. Why? Because at Sweden's Ice Hotel, everything from the beds to tables is made out of blocks of ice.

Why would anyone want to travel to one of the coldest places in the world during the winter season? That was a question that a tourist company asked more than 20 years ago. They wanted more tourists so they tried something new. They built a 60 square foot igloo out of ice blocks and held an art exhibit inside. People came but not that many.

One day, a group came to see the exhibit, but arrived too late. Instead of leaving, they spread out their sleeping bags and spent the night in the snow. Suddenly, a brand new idea was born! The tourist company built an entire hotel out of ice blocks taken from the nearby Torne River. They advertised this unique hotel all over the world and soon, people came to explore. Now, curious guests check in and enjoy the cold. Then, when the warmth of spring returns, the hotel melts into the ground and disappears. It will be rebuilt when winter returns.
Based on this passage, what would most likely be true about "snowbirds"?
  1. They would love the chance to stay at the Ice Hotel.
  2. They would typically live in the northern and central states of the U.S.
  3. They tend to pack their travels bags with multiple layers of warm clothes.
  4. They are one of the inspirations for constructing buildings like the Ice Hotel.
Which statement would make the best conclusion for this passage?
  1. The hotel has more then fifty rooms and each one is designed by a different artist.
  2. Visitors often combine the trip with activities like dog sledding or snowshoeing.
  3. Ice hotels have become so popular that they have been built in Canada, Norway and Romania
  4. The hotel features everything from a restaurant and a lobby made completely out of blocks of ice.
Based on this passage, what can the reader assume about Sweden's Ice Hotel?
  1. The inside temperature is kept below freezing.
  2. The location is very difficult for most people to reach.
  3. The guests prefer to come and stay during the spring.
  4. The staff is entirely made up of people from the tourist company.
A handshake is not an uncommon gesture in today's culture. Friends shake hands upon meeting each other. Strangers shake hands when they are introduced. Businessmen shake hands before and after meetings. However, a very unusual handshake occurred in February 2012. Dan Burbank, the station commander on the International Space Station (ISS) reached out to grasp the metallic hand of Robonaut 2. After shaking the commander's hand, R2 faced the ISS camera and waved hello to the rest of the world. R2 is the world's first human-like robot and the latest member to call the ISS home.

The robot cost more than two million dollars to build. Its head contains four cameras. Its chest holds almost 40 computer processors. Made out of aluminum and steel, R2 wears a backpack full of batteries. It is certainly not a surprise that this robot weighs hundreds of pounds.

R2 was first tested under the effects of earth's gravity. The next question was how would it perform in outer space? It did great!

Currently, R2 has been trained to do simple cleaning tasks, like wiping rails, and cleaning filters. Eventually, the robot will be used for much more complicated tasks since it will not require the same suits and other equipment that regular astronauts do. One day, R2 may be making space walks and discovering amazing things to share with the rest of the world.
Based on this passage, why were the experts worried about how R2 would perform in outer space?
  1. They did not think that the robot's head cameras would provide clear images.
  2. There was concern that the batteries in the backpack would not last long enough.
  3. On the ISS, the robot was not functioning under the power of the earth's gravity.
  4. Robots were known for having problems with space walks in outer space.
Which statement would make the best conclusion for this passage?
  1. R2 just might go where no man- or robot-has ever gone before.
  2. Next, R2 will learn how to climb without having to use its hands.
  3. The cameras in R2's head can send images back to NASA for observation.
  4. Since there is no gravity on the space station, R2 had to be reprogrammed.
Based on this passage, which of the following statements is most likely true?
  1. The ISS staff resents having a robot on board with them.
  2. R2 has been designed with cutting edge technology.
  3. The Discovery shuttle will not be making very many more voyages.
  4. The robot will not be ready to be helpful to the ISS for many years yet.
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