This printable supports Common Core ELA Standard CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1 and CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1

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Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions (Grade 10)

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Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions

All computers have important, non-encrypted, sensitive data on them such as passwords, documents, credit card information, emails, and Web site visit logs. Data on your computer resides in several different hidden places on your hard drive. Deleting a file doesn't really remove it. Emptying your computer's "recycle bin", deleting your Internet browser's cache, deleting your emails and documents, reformatting your hard drive, or even repartitioning your hard drive are all inadequate to erase the data on your computer. Furthermore, many software licensing agreements require that particular programs be removed from a computer before it leaves the original purchaser's ownership. Businesses and other institutions are often required by law to carry out data security actions before computers, their hard disk drives, floppy disks, and other forms of removable media are sent outside of the organization.

Deleting something from your computer or e-mail is similar to removing a card from the library's card catalog but not removing the book from the shelf - information is still in the library if you look for it. In the case of a computer hard drive, the file's location information is removed from the drive's index, but not from its place on the drive, so the file can easily be recovered by someone using sophisticated data recovery software.

What conclusion can the reader draw after reading this passage?
  1. People should never attempt to delete information from their computers.
  2. It requires a professional to know when data has been effectively deleted.
  3. Deleting data appears simple but often requires in-depth knowledge to complete.
  4. Software companies frequently help computer owners remove information from their computers.
Which statement is most likely true about computer data?
  1. The data is impossible to completely clear from business and institution computers.
  2. The data is extremely difficult to thoroughly delete all of it from the average computer.
  3. The data is usually held in the recycle bin until a time when it can be completely deleted.
  4. The data can only be removed if taken directly off of the computer's hard drive.
Why does the author of this passage refer to the concept of removing a card from a library's card catalog?
  1. To illustrate the complexity of deleting computer data
  2. To contrast the amount of data on computers to that in books
  3. To demonstrate why libraries are falling behind online information
  4. To indicate how often people fail to effectively delete their private data
What does an e-reader have that a book does not?
  1. hundreds of pages
  2. a table of contents
  3. a far lower price tag
  4. multiple print sizes
What is the major difference between e-readers and books?
  1. E-readers are harder to damage.
  2. E-readers require an energy source.
  3. E-readers have limited available titles.
  4. E-readers cost loss than regular books.
Katherine glanced at her watch again, realizing that a mere six minutes had gone by since the last time she had checked it. It was astonishing how slowly time passed when waiting; she felt like a massive bundles of nerves, excitement, and anticipation. Her job interview was scheduled for two o'clock in the afternoon, approximately three minutes from now, and somehow those minutes like an eternity.

While waiting, Katherine continued to practice her responses to some of the questions she expected to face during the upcoming interview. She wanted to make a favorable impression on the interviewer and planned to highlight her strengths and work experience, while admitting to a few flaws, as her guidance counselor at high school had advised her to do. Finding the perfect balance between confidence and humility was the key to getting hired, the counselor had said, and Katherine planned to walk out of the interview an employed student.
Based on this passage, which statement about Katherine is most likely true?
  1. She is not qualified for the job opening.
  2. She is not aware of her personal weaknesses.
  3. She is not going to be surprised by the job interview.
  4. She is not planning to follow her counselor's advice.
What conclusion can the reader draw about Katherine after reading this passage?
  1. She does not like her guidance counselor's advice.
  2. She is feeling self-assured about her chances of being hired.
  3. She is worried that she won't know the answers to interview questions.
  4. She does not necessarily want to be employed by any company.
Why does time seem to be going so slowly for Katherine in this passage?
  1. She is eager to complete the interview and go home.
  2. She is concerned she will be late returning to school.
  3. She is worried she will forget the answers she practiced.
  4. She is anxious about how the interview is going to go.

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