This worksheet supports Common Core State Standards ELA-Literacy.RI.6.2, ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.2

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Main Idea - Informational (Grade 6)

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Main Idea - Informational

Recently an invitation was sent out to the world. The world certainly responded! The
Mars One Foundation invited anyone over the age of 18 to apply for a future one-way ticket to Mars. Winners would be sent to the red planet in 2023. It would be their job to establish the first human settlement. Hundreds of thousands of people from all corners of the earth sent in their applications. Of those, only a small group included the required fees and video.

Those that make it through the first round of selections will be put through rigorous and challenging mental and physical tests. Experts expect this to whittle the number down to several dozen. Those select few will then participate in an intensive seven-year astronaut training program. Finally, four people will be chosen to make the long trip into space.

Are you sad you may not be a part of this group? Don't be! According to Mars One Foundation, you can follow their adventures on television. The foundation hopes to raise billions of dollars for the project by turning the process into a television reality show. You may not be able to go to Mars. However, you may be able to vote on who does!
What is the main idea of this passage?
  1. Establishing a settlement on Mars is no longer science fiction
  2. Astronauts must undergo extreme and precise training to survive in space
  3. The application process for being chosen to go to Mars is slow and demanding
  4. Raising money to fund space exploration often involves the public's help
What would make the best title for this story?
  1. Establishing a Settlement on Mars
  2. Raising the Money for Exploring Space
  3. Making the Video and Paying the Fees
  4. Being Part of the Team Going to the Red Planet
Which detail would fit best in the second paragraph of the text?
  1. What kind of challenges the applicants will have to undergo
  2. How the foundation will develop the technology to reach Mars
  3. When the final four winners will be chosen and announced publicly
  4. What the name of the group's reality television show will be
When I was younger, my family went to the beach for a week each summer or fall. While I
spent the first few days playing in the sand, I always took time to explore the seashore with my camera. Next time you visit a beach, take a few minutes to look around before getting in the water and you'll be amazed by the images you find.

Take Action:

- Look for patterns in the sand that are created by wind and water. Find interesting shapes and check them throughout the day to see how the sun changes the shadows on ridges of sand and dunes.

- Scan the beach for seashells, pebbles and driftwood. Try photographing these objects as the waves cover them up.

- Look for birds or crabs that call the seashore home and photograph them in their
environment. For instance, photograph a crab with the beach in the background.

- Photograph the beach at sunrise and sunset for different types of light. Check on the
Internet or find out where and when the sun rises and sets. Take some wide-angle shots of the whole landscape or focus in on the clouds and colors reflected in the ocean.

- Look for National Wildlife Refuges you can visit on your vacation. Many states have
refuges along their shores. Please be aware that many national wildlife refuges close
beaches during nesting season- the summer months when birds on the list of endangered
or threatened species can be harmed by human traffic.
What is the main idea of this passage?
  1. Patterns in beach sand are easy and fun to photograph.
  2. Photography is a hobby that is growing steadily in popularity.
  3. The beach is the best place for taking any pictures of nature.
  4. Taking high quality photographs is possible with just a few tips.
What would make the best title for this passage?
  1. Going to a National Wildlife Refuge
  2. Watching Crabs in their Natural Habitat
  3. Capturing Beach Life with a Camera
  4. Catching the Light at Sunrise and Sunset
Which detail would fit best within the bulleted list?
  1. How much to plan to spend on a camera
  2. How to best take a picture of an incoming wave
  3. How long to stay on the beach to get the best light
  4. How to become a professional nature photographer

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