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Principles of Fitness (Grades 11-12)

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Principles of Fitness

In order to get the most benefits from exercise with the least amount of risk, you should:
  1. Exercise at a high intensity such as sprinting or running.
  2. Exercise at a moderate intensity such as brisk walking, swimming or cycling
  3. Exercise at a low intensity.
  4. The intensity doesn't matter.
Which of the following is not a primary benefit of regular cardiovascular exercise?
  1. Increased ability to take in and use oxygen
  2. Improved balance
  3. Lower blood pressure
  4. Lower pulse rate
Controlled arm and leg swings, slow activity which warms and stretches muscles is called:
  1. Static stretching
  2. Passive stretching
  3. Dynamic stretching
  4. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation
Fitness walking, jogging, and running are physical activities that can improve:
  1. muscle endurance and flexibility
  2. cardiovascular fitness and flexibility
  3. cardiovascular fitness and body composition
  4. muscle strength and endurance
Muscular strength is:
  1. the ability for arm muscles to lift weights over your head
  2. the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to exert maximum force
  3. the ability to run more than one mile
  4. the ability to jump over a car
Stretching by assuming a stretch position and holding it for 30 to 60 seconds is called:
  1. Static stretching
  2. Passive stretching
  3. Dynamic stretching
  4. Procioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation
What does FITT stand for?
  1. Fitness, Interval, Time, Type
  2. Frequency, Interval, Time, Type
  3. Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type
  4. Frequency, Intensity,Trial, Type
Increasing muscular strength helps:
  1. increase lean tissue
  2. decrease body fat
  3. improve fitness
  4. all of the above
The ability of the heart, lungs and blood vessels to deliver oxygen to working muscles and tissues during physical activity for a long period of time.
  1. muscular strength
  2. flexibility
  3. cardiovascular endurance
  4. body composition
The make-up of the body in terms of lean mass (muscle, bone, vital tissue and organs) and fat mass.
  1. Cardiovascular Endurance
  2. Spot Reducing
  3. Flexibility
  4. Body Composition
Individuals with good flexibility are less likely to be injured.
  1. True
  2. False
The ability for a muscle to work against a resistance for an extended period of time is
  1. Muscular strength
  2. Flexibility
  3. Cardiovascular endurance
  4. Muscular endurance
The principle of exercise which is how long one exercises to improve fitness is called:
  1. Overload
  2. Frequency
  3. Time
  4. Progression
The ability to move joints and use muscles through their full range of motion.
  1. Muscular Endurance
  2. Muscular Strength
  3. Flexibility
  4. Cardiovascular Endurance
Why is BMI sometimes very inaccurate and misleading?
  1. It measures only body mass.
  2. It doesn't account for muscle.
  3. It measures fat around the waist.
  4. It does not take gender into account.
Lactic acid is produced in your muscles during rapid exercise when the body cannot supply enough oxygen to the tissues.
  1. True
  2. False
The warm-up is an activity that:
  1. prepares your muscles for work
  2. is the first stage of any physical activity routine
  3. important for avoiding injuries
  4. all of the above
Running, swimming, and using an elliptical machine are all ways to improve your:
  1. flexibility
  2. muscular strength
  3. cardiorespiratory endurance
  4. muscular endurance
Evaluating your current fitness level prior to beginning an exercise program
  1. is only important for physically inactive people
  2. is not important
  3. will have nothing to do with activities you choose for your program
  4. will help in setting realistic goals
The number of times one should exercise to improve a component of fitness is called:
  1. Intensity
  2. Time
  3. Frequency
  4. Progression
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