This worksheet supports Common Core State Standard CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.1 and CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3

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Cause and Effect - Informational Texts (Grade 5)

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Cause and Effect - Informational Texts

Being prepared for an emergency isn't just about staying safe during a disaster. It's about how to stay comfortable, clean, fed, and healthy when a storm or disaster may have knocked out electricity.

If you lost power, how would you eat? The refrigerator can't keep foods cold. The microwave can't warm things up. You might not be able to get clean water out of your faucets. How would you find out whether it was safe to play outside? Not from the TV or computer!

That's why it's important for families to work together to build an emergency kit before an emergency strikes. There should be enough food, water, clothing, and supplies to last for at least three days.

Here are some items you and your family will need:
- Non-perishable food (such as dried fruit or peanut butter)
- First aid kit
- Extra batteries
- Matches in a waterproof container
- Toothbrush, toothpaste, soap
- Paper plates, plastic cups and utensils, paper towels
- Water - at least a gallon per person, per day
- Battery-powered or hand-cranked radio
- Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person
- Flashlights
- Whistles to signal for help
- Can opener (manual)
- Local maps
- Pet supplies
- Baby supplies (formula, diapers)
The reason for having a battery-powered radio in an emergency kit is so that you can...
  1. listen to your favorite music.
  2. keep up with the latest news reports.
  3. find out where your other family members are.
  4. make sure you have enough supplies for everyone.
What could happen if a can opener is not included in the emergency kit?
  1. You would run out of water.
  2. You might need more batteries.
  3. You would have trouble staying warm.
  4. You might not be able to eat the food you brought.
Which of these events would cause problems in getting food and water?
  1. Losing electrical power
  2. Having a summer storm
  3. Forgetting extra batteries
  4. Getting too much rain at once
Some kids are lucky enough to have a playhouse or a tree house. Wouldn't it be fun to live in your own "luxury" playhouse - a beautiful, tiny house, with everything?

Some people are making this childhood dream come true. They are living in the tiniest possible houses. Some of these houses are less than 100 square feet - that’s a house just 10 wide and 10 feet long! They have a bed, a kitchen, a bathroom with shower, comfy chairs, a desk or table, and room to store clothes, shoes, books, CDs, and other stuff... but not too much other stuff.

Why do people want to live in such a small space? There are many reasons:

- They are inexpensive to build.
- They are inexpensive to maintain.
- Utility bills (electricity, water, heating gas or oil) are tiny.
- They are quick and easy to clean.
- They are very efficient - everything is within reach.
- They make a tiny carbon footprint compared to regular-sized houses.

Maybe most important, people who live in these houses say they feel free! They are not slaves to their houses. They don't have to spend all their money to pay for their houses - or all their time earning money to pay for their houses. They don't have to spend all their time fixing and cleaning their houses.
What would be one of the effects of having such a small house?
  1. You would not be able to have people visit you.
  2. You would have to limit your belongings.
  3. You would have to live way out in the country.
  4. You would not be able to own your own car.
What causes people who live in small homes to say they "feel free"?
  1. They do not have to pay any utility bills.
  2. They do not have to clean or repair their homes.
  3. They do not have to share their houses with anyone else.
  4. They do not have to spend lots of time on money on their homes.
What might cause people to decide to build a small house like the ones described here?
  1. They do not want to live in a city apartment.
  2. They have a great deal of extra furniture.
  3. They do not have a great deal of money to spend.
  4. They enjoy the processes of cleaning and repairing.

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