This worksheet supports Common Core State Standard CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.9

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Compare and Contrast - Informational (Grades 11-12)

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Compare and Contrast - Informational

A blisteringly hot summer afternoon or a bitterly cold winter morning may feel like quite different environments, but they share a common factor: severe danger. Temperature extremes on both ends of the thermometer carry inherent risks to all living creatures. Many animal species follow their instincts and know when to seek shelter or hibernate. Human beings are not always as intuitive, and decide to challenge nature's seasonal threats. Unfortunately, Mother Nature is often the true victor in these situations.

Exposure to extreme heat, whether due to a powerful sun, or to the intense temperatures inside buildings, can result in everything from relatively mild heat exhaustion to the potentially fatal heat stroke. A number of internal and external factors impact how people cope with extreme heat. For example, age, weight, medical conditions, clothing, and the type of work being done can all affect a person's ability to tolerate high temperatures. The issue can be further complicated if there is high humidity or a lack of adequate air circulation.

Exposure to extreme cold is also quite threatening. Frostbite, especially to extremities such as fingers, toes, nose and ear lobes, is a danger. The greatest risk is hypothermia, in which the body loses its ability to warm itself. Without medical attention, it can be lethal. Dealing with the cold is additionally difficult if there is a strong wind or any type of precipitation.

Protection against extreme weather conditions is simple if people are educated about the risks. Knowing what symptoms to watch for, what clothing to wear - or not wear, and when to seek medical help is what keeps the temperature part of nature rather than a menace.
Which factor is most dangerous to someone suffering from possible hypothermia?
  1. Exposure to wind
  2. Lack of ventilation
  3. Extreme humidity
  4. Rising temperatures
What is the primary way to prevent danger from extreme temperatures?
  1. Shut down businesses during extreme variances in temperature.
  2. Educate people as to possible risks, prevention and treatments.
  3. Check workers for symptoms during particular times of the year.
  4. Wear protective types of clothing that covers up all exposed skin.
What do extreme cold and extreme heat have in common?
  1. Both occur in every part of the United States.
  2. Both are serious concerns in most business environments.
  3. Both carry serious risks to workers if they are exposed.
  4. Both result in the death of everyone involved.
As the influence and pervasiveness of the Internet continues to expand throughout the world, it is little surprise that it has made great strides in the world of education. According to studies reported at Ed Tech, between 1998 and 2008, there was a 150 percent increase in the number of students choosing to take distance-learning courses as part of their college curriculum. Going online to take a class is becoming more and more common. The reasons for it are often quite obvious.

Online classes offer 24/7 accessibility, which permits flexibility that in-class education simply cannot provide. It gives students the opportunity to fit their education around their work schedules, and family demands, rather than the other way around. Online education tailors itself to a student's individual learning pace as well, allowing people to go back and re-read or re-watch a lecture, skip forward over familiar material, or pause to think and ensure comprehension. Finally, online education typically costs a fraction of what traditional classes cost. This makes it possible for a wider variety of students to enroll in a program.

Of course, traditional education still does have some benefits that cannot be found in distance-learning. Sitting in class gives students the chance to ask questions while face-to-face with instructors. It also allows for social interaction with classmates. Additionally, some types of information simply require hands-on instruction, especially for trade or technical skills.
Why would traditional education be more appealing to the social student?
  1. It offers more hands-on instruction.
  2. It costs far less than distance learning.
  3. It features trade and technical skills.
  4. It provides the chance for interaction.
What is the primary difference between online and in person classes?
  1. The quality of education
  2. The variety of majors
  3. The accessibility of classes
  4. The number of instructors
What do distance-learning and traditional learning have in common?
  1. Both can be used for a variety of college majors.
  2. Both feature the chance to see instructors in person.
  3. Both cost almost the same amount for classes.
  4. Both are based on the individual student's learning styles.

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