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Energy, Enzymes, and Metabolism (Grades 11-12)

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Energy, Enzymes, and Metabolism

What is the term that describes the collective sum of all the chemical reactions within a living structure?
  1. energetics
  2. activity
  3. metabolism
  4. entropy
A plant makes food through photosynthesis and is then eaten by a deer. The deer uses the sugars from the plant to make energy for itself when it runs away from a wolf. Which of the following represents how energy is transformed in this pathway?
  1. light --> chemical --> mechanical
  2. chemical --> kinetic --> heat
  3. heat --> potential --> chemical
  4. mechanical --> heat --> potential
What change is needed in order for their to be a change in free energy?
  1. a change in entropy
  2. a change in altitude
  3. a change in pressure
  4. a change in volume
Imagine that, in a closed system, there is an input of 1 kJ of light. The light energy is converted into glucose, then ATP, then into mechanical energy. Which of the following statements about the amount of mechanical energy available it true?
  1. There is 1 kJ of mechanical energy available to do work.
  2. Entropy increases with each conversion, so less than 1 kJ is available.
  3. All of the reactions involved are anabolic, so there is only 0.25 kJ of energy available.
  4. All of the reactions are endergonic, so no mechanical energy is produced.
ATP, the energy molecule of the cell, is known to perform phosphorylation of many different molecules. What does this mean?
  1. ATP can receive many different phosphate groups.
  2. ATP can convert molecules into nucleic acids.
  3. ATP can donate phosphate groups to other molecules.
  4. ATP can release a large amount of energy when hydrolized.
The building up of molecules in a living system is called                         ,while the breaking down of molecules in living systems is called                           .
ZInc or iron ions that bind to enzymes and aid in their functioning are called                         .
The second law of thermodynamics states that the energy in of the universe is constantly increasing.
  1. True
  2. False
Why is it possible for enzymatic reactions to become saturated as substrate concentrations increase?

What does an allosteric inhibitor do?
  1. It changes the shape of the enzyme.
  2. It increases the concentration of the products.
  3. It decreases the concentrations of the inactive enzymes.
  4. It changes the shape of the substrate.
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