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Sedimentation (Grade 10)

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Use the landforms diagram below to answer the questions about sedimentation and sedimentary environments.
Major Landforms
Sediment generated on landform B will most likely deposit as
  1. deltas.
  2. alluvial fans.
  3. sand dunes.
  4. barrier islands.
J is a                  environment and its sediment is transported via                  processes.
  1. desert; fluvial
  2. desert; aeolian
  3. fluvial; glacial
  4. fluvial; aeolian
A deltaic sedimentary environment is located at                    on the diagram. Sediment grain size in this environment is typically                   .
  1. N; fine to small
  2. O; fine to small
  3. N; medium to large
  4. O; medium to large
Which is an example of a lacustrine sedimentary environment?
  1. C
  2. E
  3. H
  4. N
Terrigenous sediment is
  1. derived directly from land.
  2. from the mid-ocean rift valley.
  3. produced by the abyssal plains.
  4. composed of mud and the remains of tiny plants and animals.
This describes when minerals hold sediment together, like glue, making a detrital sedimentary rock.
  1. cementation
  2. weathering
  3. erosion
  4. metamorphism
How does sediment accumulation vary with age of the oceanic crust?
  1. Older crust has more sediment.
  2. Younger crust has more sediment.
  3. Sediment does not vary with crust age.
  4. None of the above are correct.
Sediment deposited directly by glacial ice is called
  1. unsorted till.
  2. sorted glacial drift.
  3. stratified drift.
  4. rock flour.
When do streams and rivers deposit their sediment?
  1. when the velocity decreases
  2. when they are in the midst of flooding
  3. when the velocity increases
  4. when they plunge over waterfalls
Which sedimentary structure would be most likely be seen in sand dunes?
  1. nodules
  2. trace fossils
  3. mud cracks
  4. cross-bedding

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