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Tectonics (Grade 5)

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What is the best way to describe Earth's crust?
  1. Always moving
  2. Moves very rarely
  3. Never moves
  4. Moves only during earthquakes
Two tectonic plates are diverging. Which is the most reasonable estimate of the rate of divergence?
  1. 3 mm/yr
  2. 3 cm/yr
  3. 3 m/yr
  4. 3 km/yr
Sometimes tectonic forces cause cracks to form in rock. If pieces of the rock move along these cracks, the cracks are called faults.

Scientists use the term faulting to refer to the formation of faults. Depending on the situation, faulting can act as a constructive or a destructive force. Which of the following best shows how faulting can act as a constructive force?
  1. Rock moves sideways along a fault with no change in elevation.
  2. Rock moves upward along faults to form a mountain range.
  3. Faulting produces an earthquake that causes a local bridge to collapse.
  4. Rocks are worn down as they grind past each other along a fault.
This is the process by which new molten material, that lies under the ocean, rises up and pushes the existing plates aside, creating new oceanic crust as it moves.
  1. seafloor spreading
  2. ocean floor expansion
  3. continental crust spreading
  4. oceanic crust expansion
Which of these most likely would result from plate movement?
  1. global winds
  2. sandy beaches
  3. ocean currents
  4. mountain ranges
The Blue Ridge Mountains form part of the eastern Appalachian Mountains. How were these mountains most likely formed?
  1. Earthquakes caused rocks to form piles.
  2. Large moving earth plates ran into one another.
  3. Wind blew sediments into clumps.
  4. Rivers wore away rock, leaving peaks.
What is a fault?
  1. the point inside Earth at which an earthquake occurs
  2. the point on Earth's surface directly above the earthquake focus
  3. a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
  4. a fracture in Earth along which NO movement has occurred
The theory of plate movement is called                      .
  1. plate tectonics
  2. geology
  3. continental tectonics
  4. biology
In the Southwestern U.S., tectonic forces have pushed rocks upward over millions of years to form the Colorado Plateau. As the plateau has risen during this time, the Colorado River has been cutting down through the plateau to form the Grand Canyon.

Development of the Grand Canyon through the uplift of the plateau and erosion by the Colorado River illustrates that
  1. landforms result from constructive forces only.
  2. landforms result from a combination of constructive and destructive forces.
  3. landforms result from neither constructive and destructive forces.
  4. landforms result from destructive forces only.
Earthquakes are caused by
  1. the moving pieces of Earth's crust.
  2. too much weight on Earth's surface.
  3. the rising of ocean water levels.
  4. unequal heating of the atmosphere.
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