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Civil War and Reconstruction (Grade 8)

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Civil War and Reconstruction

The Union's main purpose in blockading southern seaports was to
  1. stop goods from leaving or reaching the South.
  2. discourage southerners from joining the Confederate army.
  3. catch southern spies.
  4. catch southern ships.
Which of the following statements about African Americans in the war is NOT true?
  1. Most state leaders had no interest in recruiting African American soldiers.
  2. African Americans had to serve in all-black regiments.
  3. African Americans were reluctant to fight in the war.
  4. African American soldiers earned less pay than white soldiers for most of the war.
Why did Lincoln wait until after the battle at Antietam to issue the Emancipation Proclamation?
  1. He wanted to use the Proclamation to reward his generals.
  2. His Cabinet thought the Proclamation would have more effect if it followed a Union victory.
  3. He thought the Proclamation would help him get reelected.
  4. His supporters in Congress asked him to wait and use the Proclamation to boost morale after a Confederate victory.
What were Grant's surrender terms to Lee?
  1. Confederate soldiers had to go to prison camps.
  2. The Confederates had to surrender their weapons and go home peacefully.
  3. All southern officers had to go to jail.
  4. All southerners had to give up their weapons and their land.
Which of the following was NOT a major problem for Civil War soldiers?
  1. spending too little time in camp
  2. muddy roads and fields
  3. lack of clean water
  4. outbreaks of disease
Which of the following made Grant a successful Civil War general?
  1. He was willing to fight and to take chances.
  2. He was cautious and never put his troops in danger.
  3. He wouldn't fight unless he knew the enemy's plans in advance. H
  4. He waited to attack until he had a bigger army than his opponent.
Why did the Emancipation Proclamation have little immediate effect on slavery?
  1. It was not supported by the abolitionists.
  2. It freed enslaved people only in areas that were fighting the Union.
  3. It was widely ignored.
  4. It freed enslaved people only in the North.
What crucial decision did Grant make in 1864?
  1. He would fight more cautiously.
  2. He would order Sherman to march through Texas.
  3. He would wait for Lee to invade the North again.
  4. He would attack and capture Richmond, no matter what the cost.
Which of the following was a problem for the South during the Civil War?
  1. Too many goods from Europe drove southern factories out of business.
  2. Too many people volunteered for battles.
  3. Southerners' strong belief in states' rights caused disputes within the Confederacy.
  4. Southern farms produced more food than people could eat.
Who made the following statement?
"If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing ALL the slaves, I would do it."
  1. Ulysses S. Grant
  2. Robert E. Lee
  3. Abraham Lincoln
  4. Horace Greeley
Elmira, New York, and Andersonville, Georgia, were
  1. the headquarters of the Union and Confederate armies.
  2. places where important Civil War battles happened.
  3. industrial centers where breech-loading rifles and ironclad ships were made.
  4. overcrowded prison camps where the conditions were terrible.
Which of the following were the Union generals most instrumental in finally achieving a victory for the North?
  1. George McClellan and Irwin McDowell
  2. Ulysses S. Grant and William T. Sherman
  3. Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson
  4. Joseph Johnston and Ambrose Burnside
Which of the following battles were turning points in the Civil War in 1863?
  1. Gettysburg and Vicksburg
  2. Appomattox and Bull Run
  3. Shiloh and Fredericksburg
  4. Gettysburg and Sharpsburg
Why did President Lincoln act forcefully to keep Missouri and Maryland in the Union?
  1. Most people in both states wanted to remain part of the Union.
  2. Both states were centers of transportation and industry, which could help the Union win the war.
  3. They were border states and very important to the security of the Union.
  4. Lincoln believed that if they seceded other northern states would follow them.
Which of the following was NOT a result of the Civil War?
  1. African Americans were treated equally.
  2. More than 600,000 soldiers were killed, and almost 500,000 were wounded.
  3. The nation was reunited.
  4. Slavery was ended.
Clara Barton, Dorothea Dix, and Harriet Tubman all participated in which of the following professions, which became more open to women during the Civil War?
  1. farm and household work
  2. nursing
  3. teaching
  4. law
Which kind of region in the South would be most likely to support the Civil War?
  1. a region with few major cities
  2. a region with large plantations and many slaves
  3. a region with poor farms and few slaves
  4. a region close to the Union
Which of the following includes the statement "We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain … and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth"?
  1. the Emancipation Proclamation
  2. the Thirteenth Amendment
  3. the Gettysburg Address
  4. Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address
Where did General Grant make the following statement?
"The war is over. The rebels are our countrymen again."
  1. Appomattox Court House
  2. Richmond
  3. Vicksburg
  4. Gettysburg
Which of the following tactics were especially successful for General Grant?
  1. increasing the number of ships and their artillery power in naval battles
  2. siege and constant attack
  3. caution and frequent retreats
  4. waiting for the right weather and additional troops
Which of the following statements is true?
  1. In the South, food became harder to obtain because invading Union armies made farming difficult.
  2. The Union blockade of southern ports made it easier to buy goods from Europe.
  3. As the war continued, prices went down in the South.
  4. The war helped the southern economy.
During the Civil War, both Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis
  1. wanted to end slavery.
  2. had to flee when their capital fell to the enemy.
  3. tried to preserve the Union at all costs.
  4. suspended the right of habeas corpus in some places.
Which of the following is NOT a reason why some northerners opposed the war?
  1. They did not approve of the Emancipation Proclamation.
  2. They thought the country would be stronger if there were fewer states in the Union.
  3. They believed the South should be allowed to leave the Union.
  4. They felt the South had been forced into fighting the war.
At the beginning of the Civil War,
  1. there were African American officers in all Union armies.
  2. African American troops were not allowed to join the Union army.
  3. there were African American officers in all Confederate armies.
  4. both sides agreed not to let African Americans join their armies.
Why were some abolitionists unhappy with the Emancipation Proclamation?
  1. It did not apply to the entire country.
  2. They felt Lincoln had issued it too soon.
  3. They wanted the South to be punished for starting the war.
  4. It freed too many slaves too quickly.
Enslaved African Americans tried to hamper the Confederate war effort by all of the following EXCEPT
  1. providing military information to Union troops.
  2. damaging farm equipment.
  3. spying for the Confederacy.
  4. refusing to work.
A major reason why Lincoln's plans for Reconstruction were NOT put into practice was
  1. Lee surrendered.
  2. Andrew Johnson became president.
  3. John Wilkes Booth was captured.
  4. Lincoln was assassinated.
Which of the following was NOT a problem facing the nation after the Civil War ended?
  1. Much of the South was destroyed.
  2. Many refugees were homeless and needed food, shelter, and work.
  3. Much of the North lay in ruins.
  4. Many people in the North and the South still felt hatred for their enemy.
Which of the following was part of Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan?
  1. New state governments had to declare an end to slavery.
  2. All southern voters had to swear an oath of loyalty to the United States.
  3. All Confederates received amnesty
  4. Enslaved African Americans who were freed received land.
Which of the following statements about public schools in the South is true?
  1. Before the Civil War, there were public schools in every southern state.
  2. After the Civil War, the Freedmen's Bureau established public schools for African American children.
  3. During the Civil War, southern states built public schools for the children of soldiers.
  4. Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan called for building public schools throughout the South.
What was one reason Lincoln did NOT sign the Wade-Davis Bill?
  1. He did not think voters should sign a loyalty oath before a state could return to the Union.
  2. He thought those who had fought for the Confederacy should not have the right to vote.
  3. He favored a more lenient plan for Reconstruction.
  4. He disagreed with its provision to provide education for freedmen.
A major criticism of black codes was that
  1. they applied only to African Americans.
  2. they replaced slavery with a similar system.
  3. Northern states did not have them.
  4. Congress had not approved them.
Which of the following were NOT a part of Radical Reconstruction?
  1. The governments of southern states that had refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment were removed.
  2. States returning to the Union could decide for themselves whether or not African Americans could vote.
  3. Before they could return to the Union, Confederate states had to write new constitutions.
  4. Martial law was imposed on southern states that had refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment.
Which of the following is an example of efforts to limit the freedoms of African Americans during Reconstruction?
  1. Fifteenth Amendment
  2. Radical Reconstruction
  3. Ku Klux Klan
  4. Ten Percent Plan
The Radicals began to lose power
  1. with Johnson's impeachment.
  2. with the assassination of Lincoln.
  3. after Reconstruction ended.
  4. when Grant was elected President
What was one of the first signs of conflict between President Johnson and Congress over Reconstruction?
  1. Johnson vetoed every bill sent to him by Congress.
  2. Congress refused to let Johnson succeed Lincoln as President.
  3. Johnson gave a speech in which he said that he could not work with Congress.
  4. Congress refused to seat southern senators and representatives who had been newly elected by Southern states.
How did Reconstruction finally come to an end?
  1. To become President, Rutherford B. Hayes promised the Democrats that he would end Reconstruction.
  2. The Democrats won the election of 1876 and ended Reconstruction.
  3. President Grant ended Reconstruction just before leaving office.
  4. Congress voted to end Reconstruction.
How did sharecropping affect freedmen after the Civil War?
  1. Most were able to save money and buy land of their own.
  2. Many became locked into a cycle of debt and fell into poverty.
  3. They were able to raise enough money to fund schools for their children.
  4. Good weather and successful harvests made the freedmen very wealthy.
As opponents of the Republicans began to take back the South,
  1. African Americans slowly gained more rights.
  2. African Americans lost more rights.
  3. campaigns of terror against African Americans came to an end.
  4. Democrats lost power in the South.
What was the Supreme Court's position in Plessy v. Ferguson?
  1. "Separate but equal" was unconstitutional.
  2. Only states that had seceded could require separate facilities.
  3. "Separate but equal" applied only to trains and buses.
  4. A law could require separate facilities, if all facilities were equal.
A provision saying that a voter does NOT have to take a literacy test if his father was eligible to vote on a certain date is an example of
  1. sharecropping.
  2. a poll tax.
  3. a grandfather clause.
  4. home rule.
Lincoln and Johnson
  1. both favored "hard" plans for Reconstruction.
  2. differed in their plans for Reconstruction.
  3. both favored lenient plans for Reconstruction.
  4. both received full support from Congress for their Reconstruction plans.
Jim Crow laws
  1. expanded the rights granted to African Americans during Reconstruction.
  2. were constantly struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court.
  3. led to segregation of the races.
  4. were part of the Fourteenth Amendment.
One reason for the conflict between President Johnson and Congress was
  1. Johnson had been a Copperhead during the war.
  2. Johnson put his plan for Reconstruction into effect without consulting Congress.
  3. Congress did not want a Democrat to be president.
  4. Congressmen resented the fact that Johnson was a southerner.
Why were southern laws that stopped African Americans from voting NOT considered illegal?
  1. They were never tested in court.
  2. They were not public laws, so no one knew about them.
  3. Congress said that the states could pass the laws.
  4. They applied in theory to both whites and African Americans.
Why did Congress propose the Wade-Davis Bill?
  1. Congress wanted a stricter policy toward Reconstruction than Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan.
  2. The bill was meant to be a challenge to President Johnson.
  3. Congress wanted "soft" Reconstruction.
  4. The bill had the support of the South's new state governments.
Many of the teachers in schools set up by the Freedmen's Bureau
  1. were men who had fought for the Union during the war.
  2. refused to teach black and white children in the same school.
  3. were women who had been educated in the North.
  4. did not want to work in the South.
Which of the following is an example of the Ku Klux Klan's reaction to voting by African Americans?
  1. Members of the Ku Klux Klan helped to register black voters in the South.
  2. Members of the Ku Klux Klan conducted acts of violence that led to the decline of voting by African Americans.
  3. Members of the Ku Klux Klan pledged to protect the rights of African Americans.
  4. Members of the Ku Klux Klan were willing to share political power with African Americans.
The tone of Radical Reconstruction was set by the
  1. Emancipation Proclamation.
  2. Thirteenth Amendment.
  3. Ten Percent Plan.
  4. Reconstruction Act of 1867.
What did Frederick Douglass mean when he said that the freedmen "were sent away empty handed, without money, without friends, and without a foot of land to stand upon"?
  1. The freedmen had little with which to start a new life.
  2. The freedmen lost their land during the war.
  3. Sharecroppers should form organizations to support each other and gain land.
  4. In order to be allowed to vote, freedmen had to pass a literacy test.
How were the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments similar?
  1. They were immediately approved by all of the states.
  2. They were based on the idea of "separate but equal."
  3. They helped African Americans gain civil rights.
  4. They helped southern states set up new governments.
Republicans who wanted "hard" Reconstruction were called
  1. freedmen.
  2. Copperheads.
  3. Radical Republicans.
  4. carpetbaggers.
Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866
  1. because African Americans were being unfairly treated in the South.
  2. to grant Native Americans the right to vote.
  3. to show support for President Johnson. .
  4. because Lincoln had been in favor of it
The Fifteenth Amendment says that states
  1. cannot deny women the right to vote.
  2. must treat all people equally.
  3. must end the practice of slavery.
  4. cannot deny people the right to vote because of race.
One reason Radical Reconstruction was able to bring change to the South was that
  1. federal soldiers were stationed in the South to enforce new laws.
  2. white southerners supported the changes brought about by Radical Reconstruction.
  3. African Americans voted for Radical Reconstruction.
  4. it was part of General Lee's surrender terms.
In the years following Reconstruction,
  1. southern states saw a sharp fall in industrial growth.
  2. new industries began to develop in the southern economy.
  3. the South's economy went into a permanent decline.
  4. the South's dependence on cotton grew.
Why was the Supreme Court's decision in the case Plessy v. Ferguson important?
  1. It granted citizenship to Native Americans.
  2. It supported segregation laws.
  3. It gave Congress the power to impeach the president.
  4. It struck down "separate but equal."
The Ku Klux Klan and other groups like it
  1. helped get African Americans elected to office.
  2. stopped their activities after being outlawed.
  3. helped to continue Reconstruction.
  4. played a role in the decline of voting by African Americans.
Which of the following BEST defines "home rule"?
  1. military rule for all southern states that had refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment
  2. the ability of southern African Americans to vote in their home towns
  3. the reentry to the Union by former Confederate states
  4. the withdrawal of federal troops and full amnesty for former Confederates
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