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Creating the Constitution (Grade 8)

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Creating the Constitution

The                          is the person in a government responsible for carrying out the laws.
Which of these resolved the conflict between the two plans of government proposed during the Constitutional Convention?
  1. the Preamble to the Constitution
  2. the Bill of Rights
  3. the Great Compromise
  4. the Land Ordinance of 1785
A change or addition to a constitution is known as a(n)
  1. law.
  2. article.
  3. amendment.
  4. bill.
What might be true about the United States government today if the Virginia Plan had been adopted?
  1. States would be equally represented in Congress.
  2. Legislation favoring large states would be passed.
  3. The executive and judicial branches would not exist.
  4. Judges would be responsible for all foreign affairs.
What made the passage of the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance possible?
  1. States turning over their western land claims to the national government.
  2. The ratification of the Constitution by Virginia, New York, and other large states.
  3. The effect of Shays' Rebellion on the economic depression of the mid-1780s.
  4. The addition of the Bill of Rights to the Constitution.
Which of the following was one of the arguments put forth by the Antifederalists?
  1. The Constitution gave too much power to state governments.
  2. The Philadelphia Convention had exceeded its powers in writing a new Constitution.
  3. There was no need to add a bill of rights to the Constitution.
  4. The Constitution did not give enough power to the President.
Which of the following would NOT be protected by the Bill of Rights?
  1. a person practicing a particular religion
  2. a speech that is critical of the government
  3. a person accused of a crime
  4. a business owner raising prices
Shays' Rebellion made many Americans believe that a stronger central government would have
  1. prevented that kind of popular uprising.
  2. given the farmers what they demanded.
  3. asked other nations for military aid.
  4. held new elections to resolve the issue.
After the break with Britain, each of the states wrote a new constitution, a framework for the state government.
  1. True
  2. False
When Patrick Henry said, "Your President may easily become a king," he was referring to
  1. the unlimited powers of the executive and judicial branches.
  2. a concern expressed by James Madison during the Constitutional Convention.
  3. the constitutional provision that a president could be reelected again and again.
  4. the colonies' experience with the Articles of Confederation after the Revolutionary War.
What were the Federalist Papers?
  1. Notes taken by delegates during the Constitutional Convention.
  2. Early versions of the Bill of Rights.
  3. Articles written by supporters of a strong federal system of government.
  4. Articles written by supporters of strong state governments.
Which region benefited most from the Three-Fifths Compromise?
  1. the western territories
  2. the southern states
  3. New England
  4. the coastal states
Antifederalists opposed the Constitution because it
  1. did not give the President enough power.
  2. weakened the state governments.
  3. contained a bill of rights.
  4. could not be amended.
What decision did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention make about the slave trade?
  1. to not restrict slaves from being brought into the country for another 20 years
  2. to prevent Congress from regulating the slave trade
  3. to extend the slave trade to states that had banned it
  4. to restrict the slave trade in the southern states
How many branches of government did the Articles of Confederation allow the national government?
  1. four
  2. three
  3. two
  4. one
The Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution both include a system of checks and balances.
  1. True
  2. False
The Virginia plan called for a                                     , or system of courts to interpret the law.
Which of the following had the most power under the state constitutions?
  1. the legislature
  2. the governor
  3. the courts
  4. the colonists
Under most state constitutions, which of the following were NOT allowed to vote?
  1. Property owners
  2. Women
  3. White men
  4. Farmers
Name three of the five states that were carved out of the Northwest Territory.

Which state was the first to provide protections through a bill of rights?
  1. Virginia
  2. Massachusetts
  3. Pennsylvania
  4. New Jersey
The government of Massachusetts responded to Shays's Rebellion by
  1. using the state militia to arrest leaders of the rebellion.
  2. passing a law prohibiting similar rebellions in the future.
  3. helping the farmers who were affected by the economic depression.
  4. drafting a new state constitution.
Under a compromise between the northern and southern states, Congress could bar slaves from being imported after 1808.
  1. True
  2. False
Within the townships created by the Land Ordinance of 1785, one section was set aside for
  1. hospitals.
  2. homes for the wealthy.
  3. public schools.
  4. jails.
Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress could do all of the following EXCEPT
  1. run a postal service.
  2. create taxes.
  3. coin or borrow money.
  4. pass laws.
In the 1780s, when business slowed and unemployment rose, the nation entered a period of                                             .
What was the original purpose of the 1787 Constitutional Convention?
  1. to revise the Constitution
  2. approve the New Jersey Plan
  3. to revise the Articles of Confederation
  4. to deny the Virginia Plan
When did individual states begin creating their own governments?
  1. after the Constitution was ratified
  2. before the American Revolution
  3. before the Continental Congress
  4. after the Bill of Rights was written
An important challenge facing the Constitutional Convention was how to balance the
  1. needs of eastern and western states
  2. interests of large and small states
  3. demands of farmers
  4. rights of women
The basic purpose of the Bill of Rights was to
  1. describe the three branches of government.
  2. limit the powers of local government.
  3. establish a system of taxation.
  4. guarantee individual rights.
The 3/5 Compromise of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 provided that?
  1. for purposes of representation and taxation, the votes of three free men were equal to those of five slaves
  2. the votes of 3/5 of the southern states would be needed to pass any federal legislation affecting slavery.
  3. for purposes of representation and taxation, five slaves would be counted as three free persons.
  4. the voted of 3/5 of the southern states would be needed to pass any federal legislation affecting representation or taxation.
The First Amendment to the Constitution does NOT guarantee freedom of
  1. speech.
  2. religion.
  3. the press.
  4. the military.
Which group argued that the Constitution must spell out ways to protect the basic rights of citizens?
  1. veterans
  2. members of Congress
  3. Federalists
  4. Antifederalists
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