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Industry and Urbanization (Grade 8)

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Industry and Urbanization

In what way was Lowell, Massachusetts, a model factory town?
  1. Factories in Lowell were the first to employ young children.
  2. Factory workers were provided with decent housing and other facilities.
  3. The factory owners shortened the employees' workday.
  4. Factories in Lowell were the first to appear in the United States.
The workers at Lowell, Massachusetts, were mostly
  1. women
  2. inventors
  3. German immigrants
  4. enslaved African Americans
An early slogan of labor reformers was
  1. Work hard, work long, and our reward will be more of the good life.
  2. Eight hours for work, eight hours for sleep, and eight hours for God and the brethren.
  3. All for the factory, all for the boss, all for the success of American business.
  4. Right and proper, right and good, our betters know what is best for us.
The term mass production is best defined as the
  1. rapid manufacture of a large number of identical objects.
  2. ability to carefully produce intricate objects one at a time.
  3. tendency to create poor quality goods because of high demand.
  4. practice of making only products that would have many buyers.
In the 1800s, which of the following was NOT a problem that most growing American cities faced?
  1. the spread of disease
  2. few job opportunities
  3. a lack of clean drinking water
  4. the threat of citywide fires
Which invention improved travel by water in the early 1800s?
  1. turnpike
  2. spinning jenny
  3. water frame
  4. steamboat
What effect did the invention of the cotton gin have on the slave trade in the South?
  1. It led to the founding of antislavery organizations.
  2. Planters used more slave labor.
  3. Cotton growers depended less on the slave system.
  4. The cotton gin had very little lasting impact.
Who might have complained about competition with the railroads?
  1. factory owners
  2. telegraph users
  3. canal investors
  4. western farmers
Which of the following were all cotton-producing states?
  1. New York, New Jersey, Maine, Ohio
  2. Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana
  3. Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Connecticut
  4. Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi, Vermont
Besides the cotton gin, which of the following items did Eli Whitney also invent?
  1. interchangeable parts
  2. telegraph
  3. steam engine
  4. musket
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