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War of the Three Henrys (Grade 10)

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War of the Three Henrys

Many Huguenot leaders were killed in the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre. What was their reason for being in Paris?

Jacques-Auguste de Thou witnessed the St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre and later recorded his account in The History of the Bloody Massacre of the Protestants in France in the Year of Our Lord 1572 from his work Historia Sui Tempris. Read the excerpt and answer the questions that follow:

"So it was determined to exterminate all the Protestants, and the plan was approved by the queen. They discussed for some time whether they should make an exception of the king of Navarre and the prince of Conde. All agreed that the king of Navarre should be spared by reason of the royal dignity and the new alliance. The duke of Guise, who was put in full command of the enterprise, summoned by night several captains of the Catholic Swiss mercenaries from the five little cantons, and some commanders of French companies, and told them that it was the will of the king that, according to God's will, they should take vengeance on the band of rebels while they had the beasts in the toils."
Based on the title of the work and the tone of the excerpt, what do you think De Thou’s stance on the massacre was?

De Thou wrote in Latin and did not want his work to be published in French. Based on what he wrote, why might he have been afraid of reprisal by other Catholics?

Why do you think that Guise relied on Swiss mercenaries?

The Edict of Boulogne only allowed Huguenots the freedom to worship in which three cities?                                                                        
What was the Catholic League and what was its goal?

What was Salic Law and how did it contribute to the start of the War of the Three Henrys?

At the beginning of the War of the Three Henrys, Henry III was allied with Henry of Guise. Why did he later switch sides?

What did Henry of Navarre mean when he said “Paris is well worth a Mass”?

What was the Edict of Nantes?

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