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Fourth Grade (Grade 4) Geomorphology Questions

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Grade 4 Geomorphology
The two types of weathering are
  1. physical and robotic
  2. wind and mechanical
  3. chemical and physical
Grade 4 Geomorphology
When wind or water breaks a rock into smaller pieces, the process is called
  1. weathering
  2. hardness
  3. igneous
  4. erosion
Grade 4 Geomorphology
All of the following are examples of landforms except                .
  1. mountains
  2. hills
  3. valley
  4. glacier
Grade 4 Geomorphology
Which is not an agent of weathering?
  1. ice
  2. soil
  3. wind
  4. precipitation
Grade 4 Geomorphology
A                 is a flat piece of land above sea level.
  1. mountain
  2. hill
  3. volcano
  4. plateau
Grade 4 Geomorphology
A thunderstorm brought a downpour of rain. The next day there was a new ditch on the playground. What is the most reasonable conclusion?
  1. Water runoff from the storm eroded the soil.
  2. Lightning in the storm broke open the earth.
  3. Wind from the storm removed a layer of top soil.
  4. An earthquake took place around the same time as the storm.
Grade 4 Geomorphology
What is the largest mountain range located in the western part of North America in the United States and stretches to Canada?
  1. Cedar Fall Mountains
  2. Grand Canyon Mountains
  3. Mt. Everest
  4. The Rocky Mountains
Grade 4 Geomorphology
The movement of weathered rocks away from a place is called                .
  1. tides
  2. erosion
  3. flooding
  4. deposition
Grade 4 Geomorphology
What are avalanches?
  1. sudden natural events where large amounts of snow and ice slide down a mountain
  2. warnings that tell people when it is dangerous to be on a mountain
  3. big storms that drop new snow on mountains where there is snow already
Grade 4 Geomorphology
This landform is almost always formed by a river cutting through rock.
  1. canyon
  2. hill
  3. island
  4. valley
Grade 4 Geomorphology
Topographic maps show land elevation and slope. The lines on a topographic map are called contour lines. Every point along a contour line has the same elevation. Contour lines that loop together show hills or mountains. Which of the following letters on the map is most likely the top of a hill?
Topographic Map
  1. F
  2. G
  3. J
  4. L
Grade 4 Geomorphology
A natural event is something that happens in nature that has large-scale effects on the environment and people, such as a volcanic eruption, earthquake, or hurricane.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Geomorphology
What type of erosion would occur in the Sahara Desert?
  1. Glacial Erosion
  2. Water Erosion
  3. Wind Erosion
  4. None of the above
Grade 4 Geomorphology
Which statement best describes what the map shows?
Topographic Map
  1. land elevation and slope
  2. governmental boundaries
  3. locations of natural resources
  4. atmospheric weather conditions
Grade 4 Geomorphology
What must occur before erosion can happen?
  1. Deposition
  2. Weathering
  3. Rainfall
  4. Glaciers
Grade 4 Geomorphology
What is weathering?
  1. Rocks breaking down into sand and silt over time.
  2. Depositing sediment that has been moved.
  3. Wind, water, and ice carrying away sediment.
  4. Glaciers
Grade 4 Geomorphology
How can water in the cracks of a rock cause the rock to break apart?
  1. The water evaporates.
  2. The water changes to ice and expands.
  3. The wind erodes the rock.
  4. The wind caused the rock to fall.
Grade 4 Geomorphology
             Deposition             is when particles carried by water, wind or ice are deposited in another location.

The movement of sediment or soil from one location to another is           erosion          .

The breaking down of rocks and minerals by physical, chemical or biological processes is              weathering             .

Deltas forming at the mouths of rivers              deposition             .

A mudslide flowing down a steep hill           erosion          .

Needs to take place before erosion              weathering             .

Wind blowing sand from one location to another           erosion          .

Can be mechanical or chemical              weathering             .

Waves dropping sand on the beach              deposition             .

Occurs when gravity's downward pull on sediment is stronger           erosion          .

Results in wind or water forming beaches, barrier islands, and sand bars              deposition             .

Human activities such as construction increase this process           erosion          .

No movement of sediment is involved              weathering             .

The movement of weathered materials           erosion          .

Layers of sediment forming at the bottom of the ocean              deposition             .

Glaciers dropping rock and sand to form terminal moraines              deposition             .

Rocks being made smooth by tumbling across a stream-bed              weathering             .

Wind blasting sand at rock and carving out arches              weathering             .

Rain washing away soil from a hillside           erosion          .
Grade 4 Geomorphology
Weathering and erosion are the processes through which rock is
  1. physically and chemically changed.
  2. chemically altered and moved to a new location.
  3. broken down and moved to another place.
  4. chemically altered and broken into small pebbles.
Grade 4 Geomorphology
Which of these is an example of chemical weathering?
  1. Mountains are built.
  2. Running water wears away rock.
  3. Acid rain dissolves a statue.
  4. Water freezes in cracks.
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