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Fourth Grade (Grade 4) Historical Geology Questions

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Grade 4 Historical Geology
         fossil         The hardened remains of a living thing.
Grade 4 Historical Geology
A footprint is what type of fossil?
  1. Marking
  2. Imprint
  3. Trail
  4. Rock
Grade 4 Historical Geology
Emily finds a fossil in a rock. Which of these would the fossil help her determine?
  1. age of the rock
  2. color of the rock
  3. texture of the rock
  4. grain size of the rock
Grade 4 Historical Geology
Dinosaurs are classified based on their hips. "Saurischia" means          lizard         - hipped and "Ornithischia" means        bird       - hipped.
Grade 4 Historical Geology
When dead animals or plants leave traces of bone or shell in sedimentary rock we call those                .
  1. impressions
  2. minerals
  3. artifacts
  4. fossils
Grade 4 Historical Geology
Which of the following is an example of a trace fossil?
  1. footprint
  2. leaf
  3. skeleton
  4. trilobite
Grade 4 Historical Geology
Suppose you observe several layers of rock that have been exposed by road work. The oldest rock is probably                         .
  1. in the top layer
  2. in the middle layer
  3. in the bottom layer
  4. just below the top layer
Grade 4 Historical Geology
Read the passage. Then, answer the question.

A geologist is studying a series of rock layers. The bottom layer of rock has fossilized fish bones and shells. The top layer has fossilized bones of land mammals and plants.

Which best describes how the landscape has changed over time?
  1. The landscape has not changed over time.
  2. The landscape changed from ocean to dry land over time.
  3. The landscape changed from dry land to ocean over time.
  4. The landscape changed from ocean to deeper ocean over time.
Grade 4 Historical Geology
The diagram shows three layers of rock. It also shows a fault, or crack, in the rock layers. The arrows show the directions the rock layers moved along the fault.
Fault - Normal
The table shows the order of events that changed the landscape in the diagram over time.
Event OrderLandscape Changes
firstbottom rock layer formed
secondmiddle rock layer formed
thirdtop rock layer formed
fourthfault formed

Which evidence best supports the claim that the fault was the last event?
  1. the fault cuts across all three rock layers
  2. the fault cuts across only the top rock layer
  3. the fault cuts across only the bottom rock layer
  4. the fault does not cut across any of the rock layers
Grade 4 Historical Geology
What do fossils tell us?
  1. Fossils tell us about plant and animals of the past
  2. Fossils tell us about how the earth as changed
  3. A & B
  4. Fossils tell us about fossil fuels
Grade 4 Historical Geology
Fossils can be
  1. shells
  2. bones
  3. footprints
  4. all of the above
Grade 4 Historical Geology
When minerals seep into an empty space left by rock, a                 is formed.
  1. cast
  2. mold
  3. shell
  4. fossil
Grade 4 Historical Geology
                is hardened tree sap.
  1. Fossil Fuels
  2. Amber
  3. A mold
  4. An imprint
Grade 4 Historical Geology
A fossilized dinosaur footprint is an example of                .
  1. a cast
  2. a trace fossil
  3. a mold
  4. an index fossil
Grade 4 Historical Geology
A tree buried in a mineral hot spring would probably form a                 .
  1. trace fossil
  2. mold fossil
  3. time scale
  4. petrified fossil
Grade 4 Historical Geology
A                 is a clue, preserved in rock, about life in the distant past.
Grade 4 Historical Geology
When woody material in a tree is replaced with minerals, the tree becomes                .
  1. petrified
  2. a trace fossil
  3. carbon film
  4. amber
Grade 4 Historical Geology
An imprint is a mark made by pressing.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Historical Geology
Which of the following animal parts would be most likely to form a fossil?
  1. skin
  2. fur
  3. bones
  4. blood
Grade 4 Historical Geology
Why are fossils important?
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