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Ninth Grade (Grade 9) Historical Geology Questions

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Grade 9 Historical Geology
The Permian Period is in what Era?
  1. Precambrian
  2. Paleozoic
  3. Mesozoic
  4. Cenozoic
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Choose the letter of EACH sentence that is TRUE about relative dating.
  1. It allows paleontologists to estimate a fossil's age in years
  2. It determines the age of a fossil by comparing its placement with that of fossils in other layers of rock
  3. It provides no information about absolute age
  4. It uses index fossils
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Grade 9 Historical Geology
The law that states that a rock layer is older than the one above it is called:
  1. Relative dating
  2. Uniformitarianism
  3. Superposition
  4. Cross-cutting relationships
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Living corals are found in warm, shallow seas. Coral fossils have been found in the sedimentary rocks of Alaska. These findings suggest that
  1. Alaska's cold climate fossilized coral
  2. Ocean currents carried the coral to Alaska
  3. Coral usually develops in cold climates
  4. Alaska one had a tropical marine environment
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Grade 9 Historical Geology
The Atlantic coastlines of South America and Africa fit together is what type of evidence for continental drift?
  1. Rock types and structures
  2. Matching fossils
  3. Continental puzzle
  4. Ancient climates
Grade 9 Historical Geology
An index fossil is used
  1. To determine the exact age of a fossil
  2. To compare the relative ages of fossils
  3. To alphabetize fossils
  4. None of the above
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Grade 9 Historical Geology
The process of using "half-lives" to determine the age of an object is known as
  1. Carboniferous dating
  2. Geologic dating
  3. Isometric dating
  4. Radioactive dating
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Geologic time encompasses all time since
  1. the formation of the universe
  2. the formation of the solar system
  3. the formation of the earth
  4. the formation of life
Grade 9 Historical Geology
All fossils were                .
  1. plants
  2. bones
  3. animals
  4. organisms
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