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Ninth Grade (Grade 9) Geology Questions

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Grade 9 Tectonics
Energy waves that produce an earthquake begin at which location on or within Earth?
  1. the epicenter
  2. the seismic gap
  3. the focus
  4. the shadow zone
Grade 9 Tectonics
The fastest-moving seismic waves produced by an earthquake are called
  1. P waves
  2. S waves
  3. Rayleigh waves
  4. surface waves
Grade 9 Historical Geology
The Permian Period is in what Era?
  1. Precambrian
  2. Paleozoic
  3. Mesozoic
  4. Cenozoic
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Grade 9 Geomorphology
Grade 9 Rocks
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Grade 9 Earth's Layers
What part of the Earth contains rocks?
  1. Biosphere
  2. Hydrosphere
  3. Atmosphere
  4. Lithosphere
Grade 9 Geology
Grade 9 Geomorphology
What leads to erosion?
  1. Deforestation
  2. Overgrazing
  3. Clear Cutting
  4. All of the above
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Choose the letter of EACH sentence that is TRUE about relative dating.
  1. It allows paleontologists to estimate a fossil's age in years
  2. It determines the age of a fossil by comparing its placement with that of fossils in other layers of rock
  3. It provides no information about absolute age
  4. It uses index fossils
Grade 9 Earth's Layers
What is one reason that the Earth's core is so hot?
  1. Coal and oil burn in the core.
  2. As heavy elements in the core decay, they produce radioactive heat.
  3. The Sun heats up the Earth and causes the inside to melt.
Grade 9 Historical Geology
Grade 9 Geomorphology
The difference in elevation between contour lines is called
  1. gradient
  2. profile
  3. contour interval
  4. field
Grade 9 Geomorphology
Grade 9 Historical Geology
The law that states that a rock layer is older than the one above it is called:
  1. Relative dating
  2. Uniformitarianism
  3. Superposition
  4. Cross-cutting relationships
Grade 9 Rocks
Stalactites and stalagmites are found in
  1. caverns
  2. glaciers
  3. geysers
  4. Karst topography
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