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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Oceanography and Hydrology Questions

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Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
What have scientist used to map the ocean floor?
  1. fish schooling
  2. old maps
  3. sonar
  4. light waves
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Lake Baikal in Russia is considered the largest fresh water lake in the world by volume. It holds about one-fifth of the Earth's liquid, fresh surface water. America's Lake Superior holds the largest volume of fresh surface water in North America.

Which is a correct conclusion that can be drawn from the passage?
  1. Lake Baikal holds one-fifth of the world's water.
  2. Lake Baikal covers more area than any other lake.
  3. Lake Baikal is the world's largest source of drinking water.
  4. Lake Baikal holds a larger volume of fresh water than Lake Superior.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
When plants give off drops of water it is called.
  1. transpiration
  2. evaporation
  3. condensation
  4. matter
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which is an example of condensation?
  1. 12 inches of snow falls in December.
  2. On a hot day, water on the sidewalk quickly disappears.
  3. During a hurricane, 3 inches of rain falls in an hour.
  4. A layer of water appears on the outside of a cup of ice water soon after it was poured.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Snow, hail and rain are examples of                
  1. runoff
  2. precipitation
  3. condensation
  4. water vapor
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which of the following is an example of runoff?
  1. water flowing down a mountainside
  2. lake water evaporating during a drought
  3. ground water being absorbed by the roots of trees
  4. water evaporating to form clouds
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
What is meant by "never ending journey of a drop of water"?
  1. Water needs gravity to move.
  2. Plants need water to grow.
  3. Water is in constant motion.
  4. Rainfall is many drops of water.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows approximate volumes of ocean water by percentage.
Ocean Water Volume
OceanPercentage
Arctic1.5%
Atlantic23.5%
Indian20%
Pacific49.5%
Southern5.5%

Which statement is a conclusion that can be drawn from the data?
  1. The Atlantic Ocean is the saltiest of the five oceans.
  2. The Pacific Ocean holds the largest volume of water.
  3. The volume of water stored in each ocean will change depending on the season.
  4. The volume of water stored in each ocean has changed because of continental drift.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows estimates of where fresh water is stored by percentages.
Earth's Fresh Water
SourcePercentage
Lakes0.25%
Glaciers & Ice69%
Rivers0.006%
Groundwater30%
Other<1%

Which statement is a conclusion that can be drawn from the data?
  1. more fresh water is stored in rivers than in lakes
  2. more fresh water is stored in lakes than as glaciers and ice
  3. more fresh water is stored as groundwater than as glaciers and ice
  4. more fresh water is stored as groundwater than in rivers and lakes combined
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Mia creates a bar graph to compare the amounts of the Earth's fresh water and salt water. Which statement best describes Mia's bar graph?
  1. the bars for fresh water and salt water should be about the same length
  2. the bar for fresh water should be a little longer than the bar for salt water
  3. the bar for fresh water should be much longer than the bar for salt water
  4. the bar for salt water should be a little longer than the bar for fresh water
  5. the bar for salt water should be much longer than the bar for fresh water
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows approximate volumes of ocean water by percentage.
Ocean Water Volume
OceanPercentage
Arctic1.5%
Atlantic23.5%
Indian20%
Pacific49.5%
Southern5.5%

Which correctly orders the oceans from the one that holds the greatest volume to the one that hold the least volume of water?
  1. Southern, Pacific, Indian, Atlantic, Arctic
  2. Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, Arctic
  3. Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, Pacific, Southern
  4. Pacific, Indian, Atlantic, Arctic, Southern
  5. Arctic, Southern, Indian, Atlantic, Pacific
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which of the following would most likely be the best source of drinking water?
  1. Atlantic Ocean
  2. Great Salt Lake
  3. Ogallala Aquifer
  4. Lambert Glacier
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Where is most of Earth's liquid water found?
Planet Earth - Small
  1. oceans
  2. atmosphere
  3. lakes and rivers
  4. soil and groundwater
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
This is the process where a liquid becomes a gas.
  1. condensation
  2. evaporation
  3. precipitation
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