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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Oceanography and Hydrology Questions

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Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows estimates of where fresh water is stored by percentages.
Earth's Fresh Water
SourcePercentage
Lakes0.25%
Glaciers & Ice69%
Rivers0.006%
Groundwater30%
Other<1%

Which is the greatest source of fresh water?
  1. lakes
  2. rivers
  3. groundwater
  4. glaciers and ice
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Oceans have a huge effect on weather and climate mainly because
  1. oceans have huge waves
  2. oceans are very salty
  3. the fish and sea creatures give off heat
  4. oceans hold and spread heat around the world by currents
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
About how much of Earth is covered by water?
  1. 1/4
  2. 3/4
  3. 4/4
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
When plants give off drops of water it is called
  1. transpiration
  2. evaporation
  3. condensation
  4. matter
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The sun start the water cycle.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
What have scientist's used to map the ocean floor?
  1. fish schooling
  2. old maps
  3. sonar
  4. light waves
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Where is water vapor found?
  1. In the air around you
  2. In the air you breathe
  3. In a pot of boiling water
  4. All of the above
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Earth is covered by                 of water.
  1. 1/2
  2. 2/3
  3. 3/4
  4. 1/5
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
About what percent of earth is covered with water?
  1. 75 percent
  2. 78 percent
  3. 65 percent
  4. 95 percent
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which is an example of condensation?
  1. 12 inches of snow falls in December.
  2. On a hot day, water on the sidewalk quickly disappears.
  3. During a hurricane, 3 inches of rain falls in an hour.
  4. A layer of water appears on the outside of a cup of ice water soon after it was poured.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Lake Baikal in Russia is considered the largest fresh water lake in the world by volume. It holds about one-fifth of the Earth's liquid, fresh surface water. America's Lake Superior holds the largest volume of fresh surface water in North America.

Which is a correct conclusion that can be drawn from the passage?
  1. Lake Baikal holds one-fifth of the world's water.
  2. Lake Baikal covers more area than any other lake.
  3. Lake Baikal is the world's largest source of drinking water.
  4. Lake Baikal holds a larger volume of fresh water than Lake Superior.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The pull of gravity from the Sun and the Moon cause a tidal                 on the surface of the Earth.
  1. hole
  2. bulge
  3. crater
  4. river
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Three-fourths of Earth's surface is covered by water. Which of these describes nearly 97% of the water on Earth's surface?
  1. ice
  2. salt water
  3. fresh water
  4. ground water
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Snow, hail and rain are examples of                
  1. runoff
  2. precipitation
  3. condensation
  4. water vapor
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which of the following is an example of runoff?
  1. water flowing down a mountainside
  2. lake water evaporating during a drought
  3. ground water being absorbed by the roots of trees
  4. water evaporating to form clouds
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which of the following is a source of fresh, liquid water?
  1. rivers
  2. oceans
  3. glaciers
  4. permafrost
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The water on the Earth covers approximately                
  1. 25%
  2. 50%
  3. 75%
  4. 100%
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows approximate volumes of ocean water by percentage.
Ocean Water Volume
OceanPercentage
Arctic1.5%
Atlantic23.5%
Indian20%
Pacific49.5%
Southern5.5%

Which statement is a conclusion that can be drawn from the data?
  1. The Atlantic Ocean is the saltiest of the five oceans.
  2. The Pacific Ocean holds the largest volume of water.
  3. The volume of water stored in each ocean will change depending on the season.
  4. The volume of water stored in each ocean has changed because of continental drift.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Mark notices a puddle of water on his way home from school. The next day the puddle is gone. What most likely happened to the puddle of water?
  1. It melted.
  2. It condensed.
  3. It precipitated.
  4. It evaporated.
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows estimates of where fresh water is stored by percentages.
Earth's Fresh Water
SourcePercentage
Lakes0.25%
Glaciers & Ice69%
Rivers0.006%
Groundwater30%
Other<1%

Which statement is a conclusion that can be drawn from the data?
  1. more fresh water is stored in rivers than in lakes
  2. more fresh water is stored in lakes than as glaciers and ice
  3. more fresh water is stored as groundwater than as glaciers and ice
  4. more fresh water is stored as groundwater than in rivers and lakes combined
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