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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Earth Science Questions

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Grade 5 Environmental Science
Which of the below are examples of fossil fuels?
  1. Soil, rocks, and sand
  2. Coal, oil, and natural gas
  3. Plants, trees, and animals
Grade 5 Environmental Science
                       are living and nonliving things found on Earth that people need.
  1. Fossil Fuels
  2. Renewable Resources
  3. Nonrenewable Resources
  4. Natural Resources
Grade 5 Historical Geology
A fossil is
  1. the imprint or remains of something that lived long ago
  2. sedimentary rock formed from layers of sand and mud
  3. the soft part of the animal from long ago
Grade 5 Geomorphology
Weathering occurs when rock
  1. gets wet in the rain or snow
  2. is worn away or broken down into smaller and smaller pieces.
  3. melts
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Renewable resources are
  1. resources that cannot be reused or replaced
  2. resources that will never run out
  3. resources that can be replaced to be used over and over again
  4. resources such as fossil fuels
Grade 5 Rocks
Sedimentary rock is not formed by
  1. the constant layering of the sediments
  2. pressure on sediment layers
  3. compaction and cementation
  4. doing experiments
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Natural resources that cannot be reused or replaced in person's lifetime are
  1. inexhaustible resources
  2. renewable resources
  3. nonrenewable resources
  4. unnatural resources
Grade 5 Environmental Science
We can take waste materials like newspaper and glass and use them again. If we                 them, they are collected and sent to plants that will turn them into new products. This will also reduce the size of landfills.
  1. remove
  2. reduce
  3. reuse
  4. recycle
Grade 5 Atmosphere
In what layer is the Ozone Layer found?
  1. Stratosphere
  2. Mesosphere
  3. Thermosphere
  4. None of the above
Grade 5 Environmental Science
What is an example of a perpetual renewable resource?
  1. coal
  2. wind
  3. oil
  4. gas
Grade 5 Tectonics
The continents on Earth used to be combined together in a supercontinent called Pangaea.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Which is the best reason why understanding global warming so important?
  1. because it can negatively affect plants and animals, but not people
  2. because it can negatively affect people, but not plants and animals
  3. because it can negatively affect people, plants, and animals
Grade 5 Environmental Science
It is important to use things we have in different ways. If we                 materials such as plastic and glass containers they will not fill up the landfills so quickly. Another way to reduce the amount of garbage is to repair broken things rather than throw them out.
  1. remove
  2. reduce
  3. reuse
  4. recycle
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
Oceans have a huge effect on weather and climate mainly because
  1. oceans have huge waves
  2. oceans are very salty
  3. the fish and sea creatures give off heat
  4. oceans hold and spread heat around the world by currents
Grade 5 Oceanography and Hydrology
The table shows estimates of where fresh water is stored by percentages.
Earth's Fresh Water
SourcePercentage
Lakes0.25%
Glaciers & Ice69%
Rivers0.006%
Groundwater30%
Other<1%

Which is the greatest source of fresh water?
  1. lakes
  2. rivers
  3. groundwater
  4. glaciers and ice
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Raw materials supplied by Earth or nature that are necessary or useful to people are
  1. human resources
  2. natural resources
  3. soil layers
  4. conservation
Grade 5 Historical Geology
While digging on dry land, a student found a fossil mold of a fish. Which is the best conclusion the student can draw from this?
  1. Fish lived on land long ago.
  2. The fish was a plant eater.
  3. Water once covered the dry land.
  4. Someone must have placed the fossil in the ground.
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Which is an example of a natural disaster?
  1. a small earthquake strikes an area without any cities or towns
  2. a blizzard hits a city and roofs collapses under the weight of the snow
Grade 5 Atmosphere
Puffy white clouds are called
  1. stratus clouds
  2. cirrus clouds
  3. cumulus clouds
Grade 5 Environmental Science
Which is an example of a human impact on the atmosphere?
  1. burning fossil fuels
  2. mining for mineral ores
  3. building a dam for hydroelectric energy
  4. hunting an animal to extinction
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