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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Planetary Motion Questions

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Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The moon casts a shadow on Earth during a(n)
  1. lunar eclipse
  2. new moon
  3. phase
  4. solar eclipse
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
When the North Pole is tilted toward the Sun, it is
  1. summer in the Northern Hemisphere
  2. winter in the Northern Hemisphere
  3. daytime in the Northern Hemisphere
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Sir Isaac Newton's work in the late 1600 convinced people that the sun, not the Earth, was the center of the universe. What scientific term describes this idea?
  1. chaotic universe
  2. geocentric universe
  3. spontaneous universe
  4. heliocentric universe
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
This word means to spin on an axis.
  1. rotation
  2. revolution
  3. orbit
  4. gravity
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
When one object passes trough the shadow of another it is a(n)
  1. Eclipse
  2. Crater
  3. Axis
  4. Reflection
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
One evening as it is getting dark, Alex sits on the front porch and watches the sun slowly disappear behind the neighbor's house across the street. Which explains this observation?
  1. The sun's light is reflected by the clouds.
  2. The sun's light is refracted by the atmosphere.
  3. The sun moves from west to east each day.
  4. The sun appears to move due to Earth's rotation.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
This force keeps the planets in orbit.
  1. electrical energy
  2. nuclear force
  3. gravitational pull
  4. air resistance
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The constellations seem to move as the seasons on Earth change. What causes this?
  1. Like the moon, the stars move around Earth.
  2. As Earth revolves around the sun, we have a different view of the stars.
  3. As the Earth rotates on its axis, we see different parts of the sky.
  4. Just as the seasons on Earth change, so do the seasons on stars.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
An oval shape, like a flat circle, is
  1. Meteor
  2. Universe
  3. Star
  4. Elliptical
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
When one object passes through the shadow of another it is a(n)
  1. Crater
  2. Axis
  3. Reflection
  4. Eclipse
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The sun, Earth, and moon rotate.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Ashley is studying how the length of an object's shadow changes from early morning to late afternoon. At the end of the day, she creates a bar graph that relates the time of day and length of the shadow. Which of the following best describes how Ashley's graph should look?
  1. the length of the bars increases in size from morning through afternoon
  2. the length of the bars decreases in size from morning through afternoon
  3. the length of the bars increases in size from morning until noon and then decreases in length through afternoon
  4. the length of the bars decreases in size from morning until noon and then increases in length through afternoon
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
What Earth does every 24 hours on its axis.
  1. orbit
  2. revolution
  3. rotate
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
What is the Earth's complete travel around the Sun?
  1. hemisphere
  2. revolution
  3. rotate
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Most of the cycles and patterns of motion between the Earth and sun are                .
  1. variable
  2. predictable
  3. random
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Every object revolves around the Sun in a path called an               .
  1. ellipse
  2. orbit
  3. revolution
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Large bodies that revolve around the Sun are called           planets          .
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The table shows the sunrise and sunset times for a location over ten days.
DaySunrise
(a.m.)
Sunset
(p.m)
15:098:15
25:088:16
35:088:16
45:088:17
55:078:18
65:078:18
75:078:19
85:078:19
95:078:20
105:068:21

Which conclusion about the amount of daylight can be drawn from the data?
  1. the amount of daylight is increasing, so winter is approaching
  2. the amount of daylight is decreasing, so winter is approaching
  3. the amount of daylight is increasing, so summer is approaching
  4. the amount of daylight is decreasing, so summer is approaching
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Every 24 hours, Earth makes one full
  1. revolution
  2. rotation
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The Earth takes 365.25 days to orbit the Sun. Which of the following is a consequence of this fact?
  1. An extra day every four years
  2. February has 28 days instead of 30
  3. The calendar has 365 days every year
  4. An extra week is added every four years
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