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Eighth Grade (Grade 8) Democratic Foundations Questions

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Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
Which law set up an orderly plan for dividing up the Northwest Territory?
  1. Land Ordinance of 1785
  2. Southwest Ordinance of 1788
  3. Treaty of Paris 1763
  4. Treaty of Paris 1789
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
Shays' Rebellion made many Americans believe that a stronger central government would have
  1. prevented that kind of popular uprising.
  2. given the farmers what they demanded.
  3. asked other nations for military aid.
  4. held new elections to resolve the issue.
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
The Virginia Plan called for a bicameral legislature with representation in both houses being based on what?
  1. equal representation
  2. each state getting only one vote
  3. population
  4. none of the above
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
Which of the following is a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
  1. There was a common currency.
  2. The federal government had more power than the state governments.
  3. No power to tax.
  4. The federal government could make treaties.
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
Which of the following is NOT one of the freedoms covered under the First Amendment?
  1. Freedom of Religion
  2. Freedom of Speech
  3. Freedom of Education
  4. Freedom to Petition
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
An important challenge facing the Constitutional Convention was how to balance the
  1. needs of Eastern and Western States.
  2. interests of large and small states.
  3. rights of slaves and slaveholders.
  4. demands of farmers and workers.
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
The framers designed a system of checks and balances to
  1. share power between the national and state governments.
  2. make it difficult but not impossible to amend the Constitution.
  3. make sure that the Constitution was the supreme law of the land.
  4. keep any one branch of government from becoming to powerful.
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
The Articles of Confederation did all of the following except,
  1. serve as the first plan of government for the United States.
  2. form a loose union of the states.
  3. divide power among three branches of government.
  4. give Congress power to make war and peace.
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
British philosopher John Locke's theory of natural rights challenged the absolute and divine rule of Kings and Queens by asserting that
  1. rulers were outside the will of God.
  2. there was to be no controlled government under men's rule.
  3. Catholicism should be practiced by all.
  4. all men should be ruled by natural laws and that sovereignty was derived from the will of those that governed.
  5. the Kings should allow for the grievances of the tax burdened citizen.
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
The idea that everyone was born with a certain set of rights is:                 
  1. Citizen Rights
  2. Natural Rights
  3. Government Rights
  4. States Rights
  5. Persons Rights
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
Supporters of the new Constitution were known as
  1. Republicans
  2. Patriots
  3. Anti-Federalist
  4. Federalists
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
The Great Compromise
  1. was authored by Roger Sherman
  2. created a two house legislature
  3. was a compromise between the New Jersey plan and the Virginia Plan
  4. a and b
  5. a, b and c
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
Both the Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plans called for
  1. three branches of governments.
  2. two houses of Congress.
  3. an elected president.
  4. an end to the slave trade.
Grade 8 Democratic Foundations
The Supreme Court's power to declare a law unconstitutional in known as
  1. judicial review.
  2. veto power.
  3. federalism.
  4. the amendment process.
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