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Ninth Grade (Grade 9) Evolution Questions

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Grade 9 Evolution
Who founded the theory of evolution that involves natural selection?
  1. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
  2. Ernst Haeckel
  3. Charles Darwin
  4. Aristotle
Grade 9 Evolution
What scientific theory did Charles Darwin have a key role in shaping?
  1. theory of circumnavigation
  2. cell theory
  3. theory of evolution
  4. climate change theory
Grade 9 Evolution
According to Darwin, evolution occurs
  1. quickly.
  2. because of natural selection.
  3. regularly at every 5,000 years.
  4. when the organism desires change.
Grade 9 Evolution
Evolution is best described as being a
  1. fact.
  2. theory.
  3. principle.
Grade 9 Evolution
Sperm whales have vestigial hip bones, and a small percentage of sperm whales also have vestigial hind limbs. Which statement best explains the presence of these vestigial structures?
  1. Sperm whales evolved from ancestors that walked on land.
  2. Sperm whales are in the process of evolving into land mammals.
  3. These structures are acquired by each individual sperm whale during its lifetime.
  4. These structures resulted from sperm whales having a long period of embryonic development.
Grade 9 Evolution
Animal behaviors can evolve through natural selection because
  1. all behavior is completely the result of genes.
  2. what an animal learns is incorporated into its genes.
  3. all behavior is completely the result of environmental influences.
  4. genes that influence behavior that increases an individual's fitness can be passed onto the next generation.
Grade 9 Evolution
Structures that have different mature forms but that develop from the same embryonic structure are
  1. homologous structures.
  2. vegetable structures.
  3. natural selection.
  4. fossils.
Grade 9 Evolution
Grade 9 Evolution
When farmers breed the largest hogs, the fastest horses, or the cows that produce the most milk, this practice is called
  1. homologous variation.
  2. survival of the fittest.
  3. artificial selection.
  4. natural selection.
Grade 9 Evolution
Natural selection occurs when organisms adapt to their environment and
  1. transfer genes laterally.
  2. lose chromosomes.
  3. reproduce.
  4. die off.
Grade 9 Evolution
Which scenario is an example of natural selection?
  1. a black labrador used for hunting
  2. a siamese cat with unusual coloring
  3. a horse bred for racing
  4. bacteria resistant to antibiotics
Grade 9 Evolution
Because of its similarities to artificial selection, Darwin referred to the "survival of the fittest" as
  1. homologous structures.
  2. struggle for existence.
  3. natural selection.
  4. use it or lose it.
Grade 9 Evolution
Grade 9 Evolution
What is the process of change over time?
  1. evolution
  2. reproduction
  3. stagnancy
  4. variation
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