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Tenth Grade (Grade 10) Microbiology Questions

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Grade 10 Microbiology
Viruses are living.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 10 Microbiology
Which pathogen causes the common cold?
  1. bacterium
  2. virus
  3. protozoan
  4. yeast
Grade 10 Microbiology
What kind of genetic material is found in different types of viruses?
  1. DNA only
  2. RNA only
  3. DNA and RNA
  4. nucleosomes
Grade 10 Microbiology
What process do bacteria generally use for reproduction?
  1. meiosis
  2. mitosis
  3. binary fission
  4. conjugation
Grade 10 Microbiology
Viruses are primarily made up of a                .
  1. lipid
  2. carbohydrate
  3. nucleic acid
  4. protein
Grade 10 Microbiology
On the diagram of the euglena, what is the primary function of structure B?
Euglena Without Text Labels
  1. protection
  2. reproduction
  3. homeostasis
  4. photosynthesis
Grade 10 Microbiology
What is a microorganism?
  1. a toxin that harms body cells
  2. a living body that is not visible to the naked eye
  3. a foreign object that injures the body
  4. a practice that prevents disease
Grade 10 Microbiology
A virus cannot reproduce on its own, therefore it is not a living thing.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 10 Microbiology
Which disease is infectious?
  1. allergies
  2. HIV
  3. asthma
  4. diabetes
Grade 10 Microbiology
How do viruses reproduce?
  1. by exposure to light and water
  2. by osmosis
  3. by invading living cells
  4. by invading dead cells
Grade 10 Microbiology
A virus exhibits all of the characteristics of life.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 10 Microbiology
HIV is the virus that causes the disease AIDS. It is a special kind of virus because it replicates itself in a backward fashion compared to other viruses. What kind of virus is HIV because of this behavior?
  1. retrovirus
  2. hantavirus
  3. temporal virus
  4. latent virus
Grade 10 Microbiology
Bacteria often contain small circular molecules of DNA known as
  1. clones.
  2. restriction enzymes.
  3. plasmids.
  4. hybrids.
Grade 10 Microbiology
A virus consists of a protein coat and
  1. DNA or RNA.
  2. a liquid membrane.
  3. cytoplasm.
  4. a flagellum.
Grade 10 Microbiology
What do you call the bacteria located in the large intestines of animals, which can be dangerous to humans if consumed?
  1. Cyanobacteria
  2. E. Coli
  3. Firmicutes
  4. Proteobacteria
Grade 10 Microbiology
Viruses are cells.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 10 Microbiology
Louis Pasteur disproved the theory of spontaneous generation. He said all living things came from other living things.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 10 Microbiology
The outer protein coat of a virus is a
  1. core of DNA.
  2. core of RNA.
  3. capsid.
  4. membrane envelope.
Grade 10 Microbiology
What is a prion?
  1. a cure for an infectious disease
  2. a protein that directly causes a disease
  3. a piece of DNA that is used to create more viruses
  4. a covering that surrounds the genetic material of a virus
Grade 10 Microbiology
The first to demonstrate that a microorganism was the causative agent of an infectious disease was                    .
  1. Lord Joseph Lister
  2. Robert Koch
  3. Lazzaro Spallanzani
  4. Francesco Redi
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